(Greek: goddesses of fine arts; including, Calliope, Clio, Erato, Urania, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Thalia, Melpomene, and Terpsichore)
Goddesses of the various fine arts. There were nine beautiful daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne [nee MAHS uh nee], a Titaness, from which we have words meaning "memory," and "mnemonic".
The Muses were goddesses of poetic inspiration and poets of ancient times, and even of early-modern times, would always start important poems by calling on the Muses for inspiration. In those classical times, poetry, drama, and other forms of recitation were done from memory with the accompaniment of melodious sounds that came to be known as "music". Temples built in honor of the Muses were devoted to study and learning and these temples became known as "musia", or incorrectly as "museums".
The nine Muses were in charge of different branches of the fine arts.