(Latin: a suffix; result of, means of, act of; place of action)
The suffix -meant is a final word element derived through Middle English and French from the Latin suffix -ment(um), originally used to form agent and action nouns from verbs, now used to form nouns and denominative verbs in several related senses:
- "An action, process, or skill" denoted by the combining root: rearmament, tournament, management.
- "A result, object, or agent of an action" named by the joining root: entombment, enthrallment, agreement.
- "The means or instrument of an action": implement, medicament, reinforcement.
- "The place of an action" named by the first root: battlement, ambushment, settlement.
- "A state or condition" specified by the first root: bewilderment, predicament, bereavement.
The verb combinations show no change in basic form: cement, compliment, lament.
Principal parts: -menting, -mented, -mented.
Related forms: -mentum (singular); -menta, -menti, -ments (plurals).
2. Anything that has come to an end or stopped: When Vicki was reading the newspaper, she read the column listing all the abolishments which had been carried out by the city council.
2. A compendium of a larger work, with the details and less important things omitted, but retaining the sense and substance; an epitome, or abstract: Did you see the new abridgment of Gibbon's Roman History?
The professor really liked the abridgment of the latest novel by his favorite writer that was published in the newspaper.3. Etymology: Abridgment, or abridgement was borrowed from Old French abregement, from abregier, "to shorten, to diminish"; from Latin abbreviare, "to make short".
2. The equipment, excluding weapons and clothing, of a soldier.
3. Outward forms of recognition; trappings; such as, cathedral ceilings, heated swimming pools, and other accoutrements signaling great wealth.
4. Etymology: from Middle French accoustrement; from accoustrer + -ment, "result of an action"; from Old French acostrer, "to arrange, to sew up".
2. The act of achieving; attainment or accomplishment.
3. In heraldry, the full display of the armorial bearings (bearing a coat or coats of arms) of an individual or corporation.
2. The end or the conclusion of something: The adjournment of Congress is expected to be delayed until the budget is passed.
2. An action which someone makes in his or her behavior or attitude by making or becoming suitable or adjusting to circumstances.
3. In sociology, a process of modifying, adapting, or altering individual or collective patterns of behavior is order to bring them into conformity with other such patterns; for example, as with those provided by a cultural environment.
4. Regarding insurance, the act of determining the amount of indemnity that the party insured is entitled to receive under the policy and of settling a claim.
5. A means of modifying something; especially, a physical mechanism that requires regulating or correcting.