masto-, mast-, -mastia, -masty +

(Greek: breast; the front of the human chest and either of two soft rounded organs on each side of the chest in women and men; however, with women the organs are more prominent and produce milk after childbirth; also, a milk-producing gland in mammals that corresponds to the human breast)

mastoplasia, mastoplastia (s) (noun); mastoplasias, mastoplastias (pl)
Enlargement of the breasts or the development of breast tissue: A mastoplasia is considered to be an abnormal multiplication or an increase in the number of normal cells of mammary gland tissue.
Plastic surgery, or surgical reconstruction, of the breasts.
Ptosis, sagging, or pendulous condition of the mammary glands or breasts.
Hemorrhage, or bleeding, from a breast or the breasts.
A fistula, or an abnormal passage or communication, of the mammary gland.
Incision into the breast in order to drain a cyst or to obtain tissue for microscopic study.
modified radical mastectomy
Removal of the breast tissue and the axillary lymph nodes, which are under the arms.
parenchymatous mastitis
Inflammation of the secreting tissue of the breast.
partial mastectomy, segmental mastectomy
Surgical removal of only enough breast tissue to be sure that the margins of the tissue to be sure that the margins of the tissue removed are free of cancer.
pleomastia, pleomastic, pleomazia
1. The presence of more than one pair of mammae, or breasts in humans.
2. A condition in which more than two breasts are present; also called hypermastia, polymastia, polymazia, multimammae.
polymastia, pleomastia,
In humans, a condition in which more than two breasts are present.
preventive mastectomy, prophylactic mastectomy
Removal of one or both breasts without the current presence of cancer.

This surgery is sometimes chosen as a preventive measure by women who have a strong family history of breast cancer.

radical mastectomy, Halstead mastectomy
1. Treatment of breast cancer in which the breast, involved skin, pectoral muscles, axillary lymph nodes, and subcutaneous fat are removed.
2. Removal of all breast tissue, from just under the collarbone to the abdomen, including the chest wall muscles and the axillary lymph nodes in the armpit.

simple mastectomy, total mastectomy
1. Treatment of breast cancer in which the breast, nipple, areola (small darkened area around the nipple of the breast), and the involved overlying skin is removed.
2. Removal of one or both breasts, but not the lymph nodes.
stagnation mastitis
Painful distention of the breast occurring during early lactation.

Cross references of word families that are related, partially or totally, to: "breast, breasts, chest": mammill-; mammo-; mastoido-; mazo-; pectoro-; pleuro-; sterno-; stetho-; thorac-.