manu-, man-, mani-, mandat-, manda-

(Latin: hand or hands)

commendably (adverb), more commendably, most commendably
Referring to being praised, admired, or lauded: Certainly the mechanics and body repairmen were commendably prompt in completely restoring and renovating the car within 24 hours after the accident!
commendation (s) (noun), commendations (pl)
1. Praise for someone's ability to achieve or accomplish something: Little Susi was very courageous as she rode on her tricycle for the first time without falling or injuring herself and so she received a lot of commendations from her parents.
2: A prize awarded to someone in recognition for being courageous or doing something in a superior way: Linda practiced her violin so often that she received commendations at the recital for being the most improved player in the group of musicians!
commendatory (adjective), more commendatory, most commendatory
Descriptive of complimenting, flattering, or congratulating someone: Some of the visitors at the exhibition were making commendatory, or praiseworthy, remarks to the artist whose pictures were being shown for the first time in public.
commodore (s) (noun), commodores (pl)
1. The chairman of a yacht club: After sailing for years as her favorite hobby and becoming a member of an organization for sailors, Marge was voted in as the commodore, or the leader, of the association.
2. A high-ranking officer of the Coast Guard or U.S. Navy: In his career, starting with being a sailor on a ship, Brian worked his way up to the position of a commodore which is above that of a captain and below a rear admiral.
3. The highest position of a shipping business: At Bremerhaven, after the freighter was loaded with cargo, a number of passengers also got on board, and the commodore, or the senior captain, steered them off to the Atlantic Ocean heading for Toronto, Canada.
countermand (verb), countermands; countermanded; countermanding
1. To make a contrary order to cancel or to reverse a previously issued requirement: An official announcement stating that the costs of stamps were going to be raised by 5 cents was countermanded the next month because the regulation had been overruled, or invalidated, by the new postmaster general or the executive head of the national postal service.
2. To annul by recalling or rescinding: The latest scandal involving an exhaust manipulation of diesel cars resulted in the auto company countermanding additional sales of such vehicles throughout the world until they are functioning properly.
demand (verb), demands; demanded; demanding
1. To ask for urgently: The mayor demanded that the police conduct an investigation into the murder of the child as soon as possible

Theodore demanded to speak to the manager about the poor quality of the product that he had recently purchased.

2. To claim as just or due: The bank is demanding repayment of Joe's loan.

3. To ask to be informed of: The teacher was demanding to know why the student's thought her comments were so funny.
4. To require as useful, just, proper, or necessary; to call for: Jill was told that the jewelry she was considering to buy had a gem that demanded a fine setting in the necklace.
5. In law: To summon to court; to claim formally; lay legal claim to: During the court proceedings, documents were demanded by the prosecutor for further proof of the case.
demander (s) (noun), demanders (pl)
Someone who requests something in a firm manner: Mr. and Mrs. Smith were quite angry with the waiter, waiting at least 30 minutes before being served at the restaurant, so they were demanders who wanted to see the manager about such bad service.
dextromanual (adjective) (not comparable)
A reference to being right-handed: Timmy's parents were watching him as he was learning to scribble something on a sheet of paper and they noticed that he was dextromanual because he was using his right fingers to hold the pencil as he made the meaningless marks.
digiti manus (Latin phrase)
Translation: "The digits or the fingers of the hands."
emancipate (verb), emancipates; emancipated; emancipating
1. To free someone from bondage, oppression, or restraint; to liberate: The Women's Lib(eration) movement would like to emancipate women from being restricted to their homes.
2. In law, to sever the legal authority over one’s own offspring: Mildred was quite smart and received her high school diploma while she was just 15, enabling her to start her university education in another city and being independent; therefore, being emancipated from control by her mother and father.
3. The age at which a person is granted by law the rights and responsibilities of an adult: In some places, the legal code states that minors, starting at 16, are allowed to smoke cigarettes, even though their parents don’t smoke themselves and are of a completely different opinion.
4. Etymology: from Latin ex- "out, away" + mancipare, "to deliver, to transfer, to sell"; from mancipum, "ownership"; from manus, "hand" + capere, "to take".

This word comes from Latin emancipare, which originally meant "free from parental power". This was a compound verb that was formed from the prefix ex-, "out of" and mancipium, "ownership:; and referred in Roman law to the freeing of a son from the legal authority of the male (pater) head of the family (patria potestas), thus making him responsible for himself in law.

The association of the verb with the "freeing of slaves", the basis of the present English meaning, is a modern development.

—Based on information from Dictionary of Word Origins
by John Ayto; Arcade Publishing, New York, 1990.
emancipation (s) (noun), emancipations (pl)
1. The act or an instance of setting free: After growing up in a conservative environment with her parents, Mary’s emancipation resulted in moving away from home, getting a job in another city, and living her own life as she desired.
2. The condition of being liberated: Emancipation was the only thought Jane had when she discovered her life being filled with household chores, with no contacts with her former friends, and no income of her own.
3. Etymology: the e is a short form of ex-, "out of"; man in this case is a short form of manus, "hand"; while cip is the root of "to take"; and tion is a suffix that is used to make a noun of a verb form: therefore, emancipation is "the act of taking out of the hand"; hence, "the act of setting free".
emancipationist (s) (noun), emancipationists (pl)
Someone or those who advocate the freeing of human beings from slavery: The emancipationist, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe (1811-1896) wrote the novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852, which was focused on the abolition of slavery in the United States.
emancipator (s) (noun), emancipators (pl)
Someone who frees others from bondage or slavery: Abraham Lincoln is known to have been the Great Emancipator.
handiwork (s) (noun), handiworks (pl)
1. Something that a person has created or performed by hand: Making quilts is considered to be a handiwork, requiring  careful sewing in order to make them exquisite.
2. The achievement of a person's skills and productions: In the music by the genius J.S. Bach, everybody can hear the magnificent handiwork of his compositions.
Something that is made or done with the hands.
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Heimlich maneuver (HIGHM lik muh NOO vuhr) (s) (noun), Heimlich maneuvers (pl)
An emergency procedure or technique that helps someone who is choking because something is caught in the trachea: One form of a Heimlich maneuver employs a firm upward thrust just below the rib cage to force air from the lungs which ejects or dislodges food or any other foreign object from the throat.

When a person is alone and experiences an airway obstruction that is caused by a foreign body, he or she can make a fist with one hand and place it against the area between the navel and the rib cage.

Then hold the fist with the free hand and press in with quick forceful upward thrusts until whatever is causing the choking in the throat is gone.

The use of the Heimlich maneuver by oneself.

This technique is named after Dr. Henry Jay Heimlich, a U.S. thoracic surgeon, who developed this procedure.

Jill told her brother that while she was at a restaurant, she started to choke on some food which was stuck in her throat and a man helped her by using a Heimlich maneuver to dislodge the food so she could breathe properly again.