-ance, -ancy

(Latin: often through French, quality or state of; being; condition; act or fact of _______ ing; a suffix that forms nouns)

recognizance (s) (noun), recognizances (pl)
1. A bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act: Tom's recognizance required him to clean up the park every day for six months.
2. A formal agreement made by someone before a judge or magistrate to do something: Jim was released on his own recognizance to appear in court on a specified date.

Usually a person will be granted a release on personal recognizance when it is deemed by officials that it is highly unlikely that he or she will fail to appear in court.

3. A security agreed upon before a court with a requirement to perform some task ordered by law; otherwise, if the task is not complied with a penalty will be enforced: The recognizance that the judge demanded of the convicted woman was not fulfilled and so she had to serve a period of time in jail.
reconnaissance (ri KAHN uh suhns, ri KAHN uh zuhns) (s) (noun), reconnaissances (pl)
1. The exploration or examination of an area to gather information; especially, about the strength and positioning of enemy forces: The army officials reviewed the different approaches to determine which would be the best way to make a reconnaissance of the enemy territory.
2. A preliminary inspection of an area to obtain geographic, hydrographic, or similar data prior to a detailed survey: The reconnaissance of the district to gather terrestrial information was interrupted when the road ran into a pasture and ended.
3. A preliminary research or investigation of something: There was a lot of reconnaissance done in the forested areas so that the report on rare birds in that area would be as complete as possible.
An examination in advance to gain information.
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reconveyance (s) (noun), reconveyances (pl)
recreancy
1. Mean-spiritedness; apostasy; treachery.
2. Cowardliness; being a deserter.
recusancy
redundance (s) (noun), redundances (pl)
1. A condition or situation of being superfluous and unneeded.
2. That which is in excess or too much.
redundancy (s) (noun), redundancies (pl)
1. The state or fact of not, or no longer, being needed or wanted.
2. Something that is not or no longer needed nor wanted.
3. The use of a word, or words, whose meaning is already conveyed elsewhere in a passage, without a rhetorical purpose; excessive wordiness, or repetition, when expressing oneself.
4. With computers, the installation of duplicate electronic, mechanical components, or backup systems that are designed to come into use to keep equipment working if their counterparts fail.
5. Duplication of information in telecommunications to reduce the risk of errors.
6. In Britain and Canada, a dismissal from work, or employment (unemployed), because the job or the worker has been deemed no longer necessary: After being declared redundant, Ivan was told that his services were no longer necessary; so, now he is in a status of redundancy.
relevancy (s) (noun), relevancies (pl)
1. The relation of or connection of something to a matter at hand: Jake was told that his question had no relevancy to the discussion that was going on by the committee.
2. Something that has a definite or obvious relation to a recognizable connection: The judge declared that the new information that the lawyer submitted had absolutely no relevancy to the legal case.

The defense attorney presented several relevancies of evidence that could release the defendant from jail.

reliance
1. Dependence on another person or on something such as a service or a device, and the need for something that he, she, or it provides.
2. Trust or confidence in the eventual fulfillment of a promise or in the eventual success of a plan.
3. Someone or something needed or depended on.
reluctance
1. A certain degree of unwillingness: "There was a reluctance to commit himself to the project."
2. In physics, an opposition to magnetic flux; analogous to electric resistance.
reluctancy
A state of being reluctant; unwillingness.
remembrance (s) (noun), remembrances (pl)
remittance
1. The sending of money, checks, etc., to a recipient at a distance to pay for merchandise or services.
2. Money or its equivalent sent from one place, or person, to another as payment for merchandise or services.
remonstrance
renaissance