lyso-, lyo-, -lysin, -lys-, -lysis, -lytic, -lyt-, -lyz-
(Greek: lyein [LYOO ayn], "to loosen"; loosening, dissolving, dissolution)
2. A process in which the passage of an electric current through an electrolytic solution or other suitable medium produces a chemical reaction; such as, that which occurs in a battery.
3. The process of splitting water into its components, hydrogen, and oxygen; by means of an electrical current.
4. Any process in which the passage of an electric current through a solution or medium produces a chemical reaction.
5. The chemical decomposition of a substance by the reactions that occur to its constituent ions at electrodes when an electric current is passed through the molten substance or, more often, through a solution of the substance.
6. The production of chemical changes by passing electric current from an electrode to an electrolyte, or the reverse of such action.
It is also used to separate isotopes, as in the concentration of deuterium, or heavy water, by the electrolysis of ordinary water.7. One application of electrolysis is the permanent removal of body hair, including the hair roots, with an electronic instrument.
Although electrolysis is promoted as a permanent process, many people find that hair does grow back, although slowly, after electrolysis.
Electrolysis may be done by a dermatologist, by an electrolysis technician, or by a facial technologist or esthetician.
2. In the body, any ion in cells, blood, or other organic material.
Electrolytes help to control fluid levels in the body, maintain normal pH levels, and ensure the correct electric potential between nerve cells which enables the transmission of nerve signals.
Sodium, potassium,chloride, calcium, and phosphate are examples of electrolytes, informally known as lytes.
Electrolyte replacement is needed when a patient has prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, and as a response to strenuous athletic activity.
Commercial electrolyte solutions are available, particularly for sick children (solutions; such as, Pedialygte) and athletes (sports drinks; such as, Gatorade). Electrolyte monitoring is also important in the treatment of anorexia and bulimia
The loss of potassium ion by vomiting, by diarrhea, or the action of certain medications, including diuretics and corticosteroids, may be corrected by administering a solution high in potassium.
2. A reserve battery in which an aqueous electrolyte is stored in a separate chamber, and a mechanism, which may be operated from a remote location, drives the electrolyte out of the reservoir and into the cells of the battery for activation.
2. A breakdown of glucose or another organic compound to two pyruvate (colorless organic liquid) molecules.
It is the first stage of aerobic respiration, fermentation, and anaerobic electron transport.
Oxygen has no role in glycolysis, which occurs in the cytoplasm of all cells.