litho-, lith-, -lith, -lithic, -lite, -liths, -lites

(Greek: stone, rock; hard consolidated mineral matter; hard matter formed from mineral and earth material; hard substance that is solid)

abyssolith (s) (noun), abyssoliths (pl)
A large mass of intrusive igneous rock having an exposed surface area of more than forty square miles, with no apparent base or floor of older rock: In their oil research, the scientists described the abyssolith layers of rock in which the fossil fuel could be found.

The term abyssolith is part of the vocabulary used in the science of petrology.

acaustobiolith (s) (noun), acaustobioliths (pl)
A noncombustible rock that is organic or formed by organic accumulation of minerals: Acaustobioliths include diatomite, radiolarite, phosphorite, and some limestones.
acrolith (s) (noun), acroliths (pl)
In early Greek sculpture, a statue with a stone head, hands, and feet, and a wooden trunk: The acrolith that Susan saw in the museum had clothes on some wooden parts, while the other exposed sections, like the head and feet, were made of marble.
aerolite, aerolith (s) (noun); aerolites; aerolites (pl)
A stony meteorite: An aerolite is a hard metallic mass or substance that has dropped to the Earth's surface from outer space and consists of silicate minerals.
allotriolith (s) (noun), allotrioliths (pl)
A concretion in an abnormal situation, or one composed of unusual materials: An allotriolith occurring within an animal body which is usually composed of mineral salts.
angiolith, angiolithic
1. A calcareous deposit in the wall of a blood vessel.
2. An arteriolith (a calcareous deposit in an arterial wall or thrombus) or a phlebolith (a concretion or stone within a cardiovascular vein).
anthropolite (s) (noun), anthropolites (pl)
The petrified human remains or a fossil ascribed to the human species: The anthropolites of some people's skeletons, or parts of them, have been discovered by some archeologists during their excavations of historical sites.
appendicolithiasis (s) (noun), appendicolithiases (pl)
The presence of concretions (solids) in the vermiform appendix.
arthrolith (s) (noun), arthroliths (pl)
A foreign substance, often a calcium deposit, in a connective link between bones which can cause pain or impaired movements: Jonathan had surgery scheduled to remove the arthrolith in one of the joints in his shoulder as the lump was causing agony and a limited range of motions.
1. The field of astrogeology (a planetary science discipline concerned with the geology of the celestial bodies; such as, the planets and their moons, asteroids, comets, and meteorites) which focuses on the study of rocks and the conditions by which they form.
2. The science of meteoritic stones.

Related "stone, rock" word families: lapid-; petro-; saxi-; stele-.