-lepsy, -lepsia, -lepsis, -leptic

(Greek: a suffix; a violent attack, a seizing)

Lack of sight; blindness.
Lacking vision or sight; blindness.
acatalepsy (s) (noun) (no plural)
1. An ancient view that no more than probable knowledge is available to human beings: The explorers found the ancient documents about acatalepsy which clarified the Skeptical theories of knowledge.
2. The impossibility of complete discovery or comprehension; incomprehensibility: For Dave's cousin, advanced mathematics is an exercise in acatalepsy, reaching new degrees of not understanding.
3. The ancient doctrine that nothing can be known with certainty: Enrique's historical statement suggests that medical diagnostic or prognostic acatalepsy is inherently uncertain.
analepsis, analeptsy
Described as the narrative equivalent of a "flashback".
analeptic (adjective), more analeptic, most analeptic
1. A drug that has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system: The laboratory was testing the new analeptic medication which was being developed in hopes of its successful use to stimulate the CNS of accident victims.
2. Restoring, invigorating, or giving strength after disease: An analeptic stimulation puts forth a restorative or invigorating action.
Restorative and invigorating.
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1. A custom whereby according to Athenian law, if a citizen were killed abroad, and his death unatoned for, three subjects of the offending country were seized as reprisals.
2. The taking by one nation of the citizens or subjects of another, in order to compel the latter to do justice to the former.
anosognosic epilepsy
Epilepsy characterized by attacks of which the person is unaware.
catalepsy (s) (noun), catalepsies (pl)
1. A situation or condition that is usually associated with schizophrenia in which the muscles become rigid, and the arms and legs keep the positions in which they have been placed: Catalepsy is seen in psychotic patients during which there is a generalized and diminished responsiveness that is marked by a trancelike state.

Nurses and physicians have been warned that, although a patient is in a trance of catalepsy, he or she may still be able to hear and to understand their conversations; so, the medical staff's actions and talks about such a patient, in his or her presence, should be the same as if that person were fully conscious.
2. Etymology: from Greek catalepsis; from kata-, "down" + lepsis, "seizure"; a derivative of lambanein, "to seize".

A sudden seizure that causes a human or animal to be unable to move.
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diabolepsy (s) (noun), diabolepsies (pl)
Possession by a devil or a demon: A diabolepsy is a condition in which a person believes he or she is possessed by a devil or has been endowed with evil supernatural powers.
electrolepsy, electric chorea
1. A type of chorea characterized by a continuous sequence of sudden, violent, rapid, jerky movements that appear synchronized but are involuntary.

Chorea consists of jerky spasmodic movements of the limbs, trunk, and facial muscles, common to various diseases of the central nervous system.

2. A progressively fatal spasmodic disorder, possibly of malarial origin, occurring chiefly in Italy.

It is a severe form of Sydenham's chorea, in which the spasms are rapid and of a specially rapid, jerky character.

Sydenham's chorea is a neurological disease of children and pregnant women, sometimes following rheumatic fever, in which those affected experience involuntary jerking movements of the body and it is also defined as an acute neurologic disorder that emerges several months following a streptococcal ("strep") infection.

It is named after Thomas Sydenham (1624-1689), English physician.

epanalepsis, epanaleptic
1. A phrase or words repeated later on in a speech or text as a rhetorical device.
2. A figure by which the same word or clause is repeated after intervening material.
1. A chronic disease of the nervous system, characterized by convulsions, and often unconsciousness.
2. A medical disorder involving episodes of irregular electrical discharge in the brain and characterized by the periodic sudden loss or impairment of consciousness, often accompanied by convulsions.

When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses at a rate of up to four times higher than normal, this causes a sort of electrical storm in the brain, known as a seizure.

A pattern of repeated seizures is referred to as epilepsy and known causes include head injuries, brain tumors, lead poisoning, maldevelopment of the brain, genetic and infectious illnesses.

Medication controls seizures for the majority of patients.

gelastic epilepsy
A form of epilepsy characterized by laughing.