juven-, juv- +

(Latin: young, youthful)

1. Someone who marries another person of a significanly different age; particularly when a very young man marries a much older woman.
2. A person who advocates or supports marriage between older women with much younger men.
A reference to or characterized by marriage between an old woman and a young man.
1. Marriage between an older woman and a much younger man.
2. A marriage in which there is a considerable age difference between partners, a woman being the older partner.
3. Etymology: From Latin anilis, "an old woman" plus juvenis, "a youth" or "young man" plus Greek -gamy "marriage".
—Coined by Charles Harrington Elster in his book:
There's a Word for It!; Scribner, Simon & Schuster, Inc; page 85, 1996.
junior, Jr.
1. Used to distinguish a son from his father when they have the same given (first) name.
2. Intended for or including youthful people; such as, a junior sports league.
3. Lower in rank or shorter in length of tenure: a junior officer; the junior senator.
4. Constituting students in the third year of a U.S. high school or college/university: "The junior class will be the senior class next year."
5. Lesser in scale than the usual.
6. A person who is younger than another: "I have a sister who is four years my junior."
7. A person lesser in rank or time of participation or service; a subordinate: "His father is a junior partner in our company."
8. A class of clothing sizes for girls and slender women; also called, "junior miss".
1. The plumage acquired by a bird after leaving the nest.
2. A juvenal bird.
Originally Decimus Junius Juvenalis. A.D. c.55-c.140.

Roman lawyer and satirist whose writings denounced the corruption and extravagance of the privileged classes in Rome

  • Almost nothing is known of his life except that he lived in Rome, was poor and was a friend of Martial (Roman poet from Hispania best known for his twelve books of Epigrams, published in Rome between A.D. 86 and 103).
  • He wrote sixteen satires in verse about Roman life and society A.D. (c.100-c.128).
  • Juvenal wrote from the viewpoint of an angry Stoic moralist.
  • His poetry ranged from savage attacks on the vices and the extravagance of the ruling classes (including their "hangers-on"), to his hatred of Jews, foreigners, and society women.
—Based on information from the following sources:

Merriam-Webster's Biographical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, Publishers; Springfield, Massachusetts; 1995.

Chambers Biographical Dictionary, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd., 1997.

The state of being or becoming young.
1. Becoming young; growing young again.
2. Making young; rejuvenating.
3. Having the power to make someone young or youthful: "The old woman drank what was supposed to be a juvenescent elixir."
1. Young; youthful; also, immature.
2. Designed for or proper to young people; such as, "Some books are published for the juvenile market."
3. The period in an individual's life cycle that lasts from the eruption of the first to the eruption of the last permanent teeth.
4. Immature or childish: "The man's juvenile behavior made him unacceptable for the position."
5. A description or a plant or animal that has not yet reached maturity.
6. A bird that has developed contour feathers but is not yet sexually mature.
7. Characteristics of water or gas that has risen to the earth's surface for the first time.
juvenile court
A court that has jurisdiction in cases involving dependent, neglected, and delinquent children; usually under the age of 18, and is concerned more with "reform and guidance than with punishment".
juvenile delinquent, juvenile delinquency
Someone who is guilty of antisocial behavior or of violations of the law, but is too young to be punished as an adult criminal.
1. Characteristic of, intended for, or appropriate for children or young people: "The clothing fashions were juvenilely conceived and presented at the showing."
2. Marked by immaturity; childish: "Her behavior was juvenilely exhibited."
1. The state or quality of being juvenile; juvenility.
2. An actor who plays roles of children or young people.
3. The characteristics of a children's book.
4. A young animal that has not reached sexual maturity.
1. Works, particularly written or artistic works, produced in an author's or artist's youth.
2. Literary or artistic productions suitable or designed for the young: "They are publishers of juvenilia."
1. A youthful or immature act or manner; lacking and evidencing lack of experience.
2. Foolishly immature behavior.
3. The state of being juvenile; youthfulness; youth.
4. The freshness and vitality characteristic of a young person.
5. Youths collectively.