jet-, -ject, -jecting, -jected, -jection, -jector, -jectory; jacu-, jac-

(Latin: throw, send, fling, hurl, cast; gush; spurt)

abject (AB jekt", ab JEKT) (adjective), more abject, most abject
1. Pertaining to the most contemptible kind, despicable; a situation that is miserable or hopeless: The soldier deserted like an abject coward.

Walter's aunt was in an abject mood brought on by the secret knowledge that her hero was in fact an abject coward with feet of clay.

The old couple have been living in abject poverty since their pensions were reduced.

2. Of the most miserable kind, wretched; the absolute worst or most extreme: Since the flood, Kristin's friends have been living in an abject situation as they try to clean up the mud in their house, get rid of and replace furniture that can no longer be used, and fix other damages done to their house.

Tracie and her two children have been trying to survive in her old car for over a month under the most abject conditions; including being without toilet facilities, not having enough food or water, etc., etc.

3. Etymology: a transition from the literal to the figurative, and from cause to effect, has occurred in the meaning of abject. ab-, meaning "off, away", and jacere, meaning "to throw", were combined in Latin to form abjicere, "to throw away", with a past participle abjectus, "thrown away".

Directly from this source came the English word abject, which was formerly not only an adjective but also a verb meaning "to cast off, to throw down", and with a figurative application, "to degrade".

It is this latter meaning that survives in the Modern English adjective abject which characterizes someone who has been cast off or degraded and who is therefore low in condition or cast down in spirit.

—Compiled from information located in Picturesque Word Origins;
G. & C. Merriam Company; Springfield, Massachusetts; 1933; pages 4 and 5.
Sunk to a low condition, cast down in spirit.
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Miserable, wretched, terrible situation.
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Miserable, wretched, cast down in spirit.
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abjection (s) (noun), abjections (pl)
1. A low or downcast state, the act of being humiliating: The abjection of poverty made it difficult for Eileen to raise her children and send them to school.
2. A condition of being servile, wretched, or contemptible: In school, the students studied the various abjections of human situations and learned strategies that would help them to avoid miserable lives in the future.
abjectly (adverb), more abjectly, most abjectly
1. With great shame, desperately: Too many people in the world remain abjectly poor.

Jeffrey sighed and abjectly walked away after being exposed as a swindler.

2. In a hopeless resigned manner: Joshua abjectly shrugged his shoulders when his wife started another session of complaining.
A low condition as abject poverty.
—Authorized usage by Word A Day Revisited.
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abjectness (s) (noun)
1. A condition in which a person is down in spirit or hope; miserable: Jack's abjectness was caused by the fact that he had been walking all day at the book fair and his feet were hurting.
2. Submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior: Terri's abjectness revealed that she was so servile and overly willing to serve or to obey other people that no one respected her.
adjectival (ajective)
adjectival (s), adjectivals (pl) (nouns)
Words or phrases that modify nouns or pronouns: "There are several types of adjectivals; including, adjectives, adjectival prepositional phrases, participial phrases, and relative clauses all of which can help a writer make language more creative, interesting, and colorful."

"Without adjectivals, much of the color in language would be lost and these words allow people to describe in more detail the nouns and pronouns about which they are speaking or writing."

"Adjectivals modify nouns and pronouns by providing information that answers the following questions about nouns or pronouns: What kind? Which one? How many? or How much?"

adjectivally
adjective (s), adjectives (pl) (nouns)
1. In grammar, a word that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun by providing more information about those parts of speech: "Adjectives slightly change the meanings of other words by adding descriptions or by making them more specific."
2. Any member of a class of words that in many languages are distinguished in form, as partly in English, by having comparative and superlative endings: "Adjectives function as modifiers of nouns; such as, good, wise, perfect, beautiful, bad, sad, loud, etc."

"The three most common adjectives are the articles: a, an, and the. The a and an are the indefinite articles; they refer to any one of a class of nouns. The, is a definite article that refers to a specific noun."

"Examples of the indefinite articles, or adjectives, are a contest, and an opportunity. A definite article sample is the writer."

adjectively
adjectivum; adj., adi.
Adjective.

Used in grammar when referring to a modifier (descriptive word/words) of a noun or a pronoun.

auditory synesthesia (s) (noun), auditory synesthesias (pl)
A hearing sensation that occurs when another sense is stimulated: When LuAnn felt vibrations in her fingertips, she also experienced auditory synesthesia, sensing the sound that the vibrations might have made.
auroral electrojet
A strong current of electricity which flows through the auroral zone during a polar substorm.

A geomagnetic perturbation (confusion or disorder) lasting one to two hours, which tends to occur during a local post-midnight time.

The magnitude of the substorm is largest in the auroral zone and corresponds to an injection of charged particles from the magnetotail into the auroral oval.

conjecturable (adjective)
conjecturably
conjectural