(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)
2. In cytomorphology, variation in the size and shape of cells or nuclei.
3. In chemistry, crystallization of a compound in at least two distinct forms.
4. In biology, the occurrence of different forms, stages, or types in individual organisms or in organisms of the same species, independent of gender variations.
5. In zoology, the characteristics of assuming or passing through several forms, as an animal exhibiting seasonal changes in coloration.
6. In mineralogy, the occurrence in a mineral of two or more distinct crystal forms of identical chemical composition.
2. Popularism (Italian: popolarismo) is a political doctrine conceived by Don Luigi Sturzo as a middle way between Socialism and Liberalism and opposed to Fascism because of its stress on Democracy.
Popularism is said to represent a more politically correct alternative term since in Latin countries of Europe and the Americas populism is strongly derogatory and typically equated to dictatorial policies or fascist regimes.
2. Grass-roots democracy; working-class activism; egalitarianism.
3. Representation or extolling of the common person, the working class, the underdog.
4, The political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggles with the privileged elite.
Positivism declares that the only real knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such cognizance can only come from positive affirmation of theories with a strict scientific method; in other words, a system of philosophy that accepts only things that can be seen or physically proven.
The modern usage of positivism indicates a lack of confidence in any speculation that is not controlled by factual data and sense experiences.2. In jurisprudence or the system of laws, the view that any legal system is best studied by concentrating on the law of a specific system: The positivism of law includes the standards of conduct that are dictated by validly enacted laws, rather than by principles of natural law or by the nature of human beings.
2. A religious belief that the millennium is an era (not necessarily a literal thousand years) during which Christ will reign over the earth, not from a literal and earthly throne, but through the gradual increase of the Gospel and its power to change lives.
After this gradual Christianization of the world, Christ will return and immediately usher the church into their eternal state after judging the wicked.
This is called postmillennialism because the view is that Christ will return after the millennium.
2. The attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth.
3. A straightforward practical way of thinking about things or dealing with problems, concerned with results rather than with theories and principles.
4. A practical, matter-of-fact way of approaching or assessing situations or of solving problems.
5. A theory concerning the meaning of words originated by the American philosopher C. S. Pierce.
The term and basic idea was borrowed and developed by William James and John Dewey (1859-1952) to create a thoroughly Modern American Philosophy based on a theory which identified truth with the notion that whatever works is true.
2. The belief that Jesus Christ will return for the Last Judgment just before the one-thousand-year reign of peace.
Premillennialists place the return of Christ just before the millennium and just after a time of great apostasy and tribulation.
After the millennium, Satan will be loosed and Gog and Magog will rise against the kingdom of God; this will be immediately followed by the final judgment.
While similar in some respects to the dispensational variety; in that they hold to Christ's return being before the establishment of a thousand-year earthly reign), historical premillennialism differs in significant ways (notably in their method of interpreting Scripture.
The historical premillennialist's viewpoint interprets some prophecy in Scripture as having literal fulfillment while others demand a semi-symbolic fulfillment.
"Procrusteanism is a failure to recognize the natural differences that exist among people."
"The term procrusteanism comes from Procrustes, a fabled robber of ancient Attica, Greece, who forced travelers to lie on a bed, then lopped off their limbs to make them equal to the length of the bed. If they were too short, he stretched them so they would meet the bed's format."
2. The use of professionals instead of amateurs.
It may be real or imaginary, depending on anatomic or physical and developmental factors.
Real prognathism may exist when both the mandible (lower jawbone) and the maxilla (upper jawbone) increase in length or when the maxillary length is normal and the mandibular length increases excessively.
Imaginary prognathism may exist when the maxilla is underdeveloped and the mandibular length is normal