-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

The condition of being dwarfed or being a dwarf.
Poisoning from acute or chronic exposure to excessive amounts of naphthol.

Ingestion of large amounts may cause abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, circulatory failure, convulsions, and death.

External application may cause nephritis, hematuria, hemolytic anemia, jaundice, convulsions, and death.

narcotism (s) (noun), narcotisms (pl)
1. As commonly used, the term refers to the condition in which a drug is present in amounts great enough to be toxic, or, in any event, sufficient to alter a person's behavior.
2. A morbid inclination to sleep which is produced by drugs; a state of stupor, somnolence, or insensibility.
nationalism (s) (noun), nationalisms (pl)
1. Patriotism: Nationalism means a love of your country with flag-waving, for example.
2. Support for the political indepedence of a certain country of people; separatism: When the U.S. became independent, certain symbols of nationalism became evident, as the flag and the National Anthem.
naturalism (s) (noun), naturalisms (pl)
1. A style and theory in art and literature that declares that things and people should be presented in a realistic manner; realism: Naturalism evolved as a belief in France in the 19th century when artists and writers endeavoured to depict things in a factual way, and not to make things look better than they were.
2. The philosophy that everything occurs from logical causes, whereas spiritual or supernatural reasons are ruled out; authenticity: Atheists, for example, believe in naturalism and that everything that exists is either physically or material.
necrophilism (s) (noun) (no pl)
In psychiatry, a morbid desire to be in the presence of dead bodies: In the story Sally was reading, the main character suffered from necrophilism and loved to walk in graveyards and talk to the dead bodies.
necrosadism (s) (noun), necrosadisms (pl)
Sexual gratification derived by mutilating corpses.
nectism (s) (noun) (no pl)
Swimming by means of cilia: Some unicellular organisms can move freely by nectism in which they make lashing movements with their hairlike projections in order to propel themselves forward.
negativism (s) (noun), negativisms (pl)
The frame of mind to do or to say the opposite of what is suggested: Negativisms were all that Norman could utter regarding whether to add more rooms to his house because of the high costs it would take to achieve such extensions.
neobehaviorism (s) (noun), neobehaviorisms (pl)
A newly modified view that regards physical actions as being affected by internal psychological states as well as by external stimuli.
neoclassicism (s) (noun), neoclassicisms (pl)
The revival of a classical style in art, literature, architecture, or music, but from new perspectives or with new presentations.
neoimpressionism (s) (noun) (no plural)
1. A 19th-century movement in painting: Neoimpressionism, favoring stricter and more formal techniques of composition than impressionism, was initiated mainly by the pointillist Georges Seurat in the 1880s.
2. An art movement in French paintings: Neoimpressionism used the doctrines and methods of a group of artists of the 19th century which were based on a more strictly formal practice of impressionist technique employing tiny dots of primary colors on a white background.
neologism (s) (noun), neologisms (pl)
1. A recently coined word or phrase, or a recently extended meaning of an existing word or phrase: When Jane was reading about neologisms, she came across some new terms, such as "adultolescence", "pastability", and "pre-zactly"!
2. The practice of coining new words or phrases, or of extending the meaning of existing words or phrases: Tom was very interested in neologism and was fascinated by the way previously used terms were formed into brand-new ways of expression!
3. In medicine and psychiatry, an existing word can be used in a new sense or a new word or phrase of the patient's own making can be created, often seen in schizophrenia: In psychiatry, such usages of neologisms may have meaning only to the sufferer or be indicative of his or her condition.

4. The use of an unconventional vocabulary innovation; when the use of such a coinage or innovation is either rationally, to represent a new idea, method, or object; or as with a disordered neurological condition or as with a mental disorder when the patient wishes to express a highly complex meaning related to his or her conflicts: In her state of delirium, Sandra was known to create neologisms and invent new terms nobody had ever heard of before!
5. Etymology: "practice of innovation in language", 1800, from French néologisme, from Greek neo-, "new" + Greek logos, "word".
The expressions or usage of new words.
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1. A newly acquired bodily organ or part.
2. In biology, the development of a new form.