Verbs have a major effect on syntax; that is, on the way words are put together and are related to one another in sentences. Because of this effect, verbs are generally divided into two main categories: action verbs and linking verbs.
The majority of verbs in English express action. They are used to tell what someone or something does, did, or will do. Linking verbs; on the other hand, are used to express a condition or the fact that something exists.
Linking verbs never express action. Instead, they link, or join, words in a sentence; such as, connecting a subject of a sentence with a word at or near the end of the sentence. The verb be, or to be, is the most common linking verb.
Linking verbs: Ms. Jones is our neighbor. The cake batter should be smooth. The cartons of milk are in the refrigerator. The keys were here yesterday.
The verb, around which the sentence is built, serves as the simple predicate. It shows action or state of being or condition.
A verb may consist of only one word: I rang the bell. (action). I am sure. (state of being or condition)
A verb may be a verb phrase, a group of words used as one verb: I should have brushed my hair. I have been ready for an hour.
"She verbed several adjective into verbs."
"The teacher thought that verbing other parts of speech into verbs was an inaccurate use of the noun form of verb."2. Using words as verbs; such as, nouns or adjectives.
Twisting nouns into verbs; such as, efforting, prioritize, clubbing, (nightclub cruising), gifted, elbowing, bottling, braking, bicycling, silencing, impacting, and incentivize.
Here is a list of helping or auxiliary verbs: can, could, would, should, do, does, did, has, have, had, may, might, must, shall, and will plus the eight forms of the verb to be (am, are, be, been, being, is, was, were).
The auxiliary verbs are those which can't stand by themselves, but are always in combination with a "full verb"; for example, it is not acceptable to say, "We can home", but "We can go home." "Can" being the auxiliary verb and "go" being the full verb.
"Have" can act as both an auxiliary verb in the forms of the present perfect, past perfect, present perfect progressive, and past perfect progressive forms; as indicated by the following examples:
"I have gone to the store." (present perfect)
"She had already set the table before the guests came." (past perfect)
"She has been washing the car for the last two hours." (present perfect progressive)
"She had been washing the dishes before the phone rang." (past perfect progressive)
The verb "have" can stand alone as a full verb, too: "I have a basket of apples."
The verb "do" is about the same as "have". It can be used as a full verb or as an auxiliary verb:
"Jim's wife did the shopping today."
"The bus did stop and it did pick up the waiting passengers on time."