A good tongue is a good weapon.
Under the tongue men are crushed to death.
The tongue breaks bone, and herself has none.
The tongue stings.
The tongue is more venomous than a serpent's sting.
The tongue is not steel yet it cuts.
It is a good tongue that says no ill, and a better heart that thinks none.
What the heart thinks, the tongue speaks.
It is better to play with the ears than the tongue.
The tongue of idle persons is never still.
A woman's sword is her tongue, and she does not let it rust.
A woman's strength is in her tongue.
A woman's tongue is the last thing about her that dies.
He speaks with a forked tongue.
Better to slip with the foot than with the tongue.
Its function is the manipulation of food in mastication and deglutition.2. It is also very often a reference to speech production; such as, the power of speech or articulation; a manner or style of speaking; and a language, vernacular, or dialect.
The taste buds are located in the papillae (puh PILL ee), which are projections, or bumps, on the upper surface of the tongue that sense flavors; such as, bitter, sweet, salty, and sour.2. The movable fleshy organ attached to the bottom of the inside of the mouth of humans and most animals, used for tasting, licking, swallowing, and, in humans, speech.
As stated previously, the tongue is a strong muscle anchored to the floor of the mouth. It is covered by the lingual membrane which has special areas to detect tastes.
The tongue is attached to the lower jaw and to the hyoid bone (a small, U-shaped bone that lies deep in the muscles at the back of the tongue) above the larynx.
Again, as defined above, on the top surface of the tongue there are small nodules called papillae that give the tongue its rough texture.
Between the papillae at the sides and base of the tongue, there are small bulb-like structures that are the taste buds. The muscle fibers of the tongue are heavily supplied with nerves.
The tongue aids in the formation of the sounds of speech and coordinates its movements to aid in swallowing.
The adjective for tongue is "lingual"; so, the papillae of the tongue are the lingual papillae.
With a thrust of its tongue appendage, it can catch insects some ten inches away.
"The taste of the spice was still on her tongue."2. A manner or quality of speech that clearly conveys the meaning of the speaker: "She had a sharp tongue and did not hesitate to use it to scold the silly boys on the street.”
In order to speak the tongue of the remote island people, you must learn to move your tongue rapidly in and out of your mouth.
When you are hiking through the bush to get to the villages, be sure the tongue on each of your hiking boots is laced securely.
At birth, this may be tight, a condition called "tongue-tie".
The human tongue and its functions
About the only interest a person has in the tongue is when something abnormal happens; such as, when there is pain or if some unusual taste factor exists as when there is burning from excessive heat, when accidentally bitten, or when exposed to strong flavors which are spicy, bitter, sweet, sour, etc.
Since the human tongue usually stays out of sight, it is is not considered as valuable as other sensory parts of the body, but if people think they can get along without their tongues, they should re-evaluate this misconception.
For example, when a person extends the tongue out of the mouth and lightly clamps on it between the teeth, then if that person tries to talk, let him/her see if speech under such circumstance can be understood.
A tongue is particularly important with the mastication, or chewing, of food by rolling it around in the mouth so such materials are evenly broken up and made more acceptable to the stomach for digestion. A tongue assists in swallowing when the front part presses against the hard palate in the roof of the mouth. This is followed by having the back part of the tongue hump up, thrusting food into the passage that leads to the esophagus.
Although it may seem to be a simple activity, it is really a necessary function that is conducted by nerves and executed by intricate muscles. A person usually knows how to swallow before being born, which is an indication of how important the swallowing reflex is to one's existence.
Speaking is another consideration because a person must be trained for such extraordinary neuromuscular activities. A baby normally experiments with sounds for two, or more, years before being able to form simple sentences. As people get older, the tongue is able to flex itself into many various shapes for more complex expressions.
Anyone who would like to get a better idea of the tongue's complex activities should concentrate on its various movements while talking.
A slab of mucous membrane enclosing a complex array of muscles and nerves
The upper surface of the tongue has an array of papillae (puh PIL lee), or tiny projections, some of which contain taste buds. Also, arranged among the taste buds are taste cells, which actually receive the sensations of taste.
On the underside of the tongue is a tiny cord, the frenulum, and if it is too short, it holds back normal movements which is known as being "tongue-tied". People with this problem once went through their lives with garbled speech; however, today, this defect can be corrected with surgery.
The tongue is an organ that gives people a great deal of service but too often it is held in low esteem. Normally, people pay less attention to the tongue than they do to their hair or fingernails which are not nearly as important to their well-being.
Despite such neglect, the tongue usually continues to tirelessly function as it tastes and talks throughout our lives.
More facts about the tongueThe tongue has about 10,000 taste receptors.
- They are called taste buds, but "taste hairs" would be a more accurate name in that these receptors project like hairs from the walls of the tiny trenches that run between the bumps on your tongue.
- When you eat, the receptors send signals to the brain, which translates the signals into combinations of sweet, bitter, salty, and sour tastes.
- Soon after birth, more buds begin to grow, an by early childhood they cover the top and some of the bottom of the tongue, as well as areas in the cheeks and throat.
- Since young children have many more taste buds blooming in their mouths than adults, they frequently find foods to be too bitter or too spicy.
- Some adults seek out bitter or spicy foods because of a declining number of taste buds.
- In children and adults, each taste bud lives a matter of days before it is replaced.
- The four primary tastes; such as, sweet, bitter, salty, and sour, are each associated with a specific area on the tongue.
- The tip of the tongue is most sensitive to sweet and salty tastes, while sour seems to register more strongly on the sides of the tongue.
- Far to the rear of the tongue, grouped in a V-shape, are most of the receptors for bitter tastes.
- The sense of smell, with its own separate receptors, mostly determines what we experience as taste.
- The temperature and texture of food also contribute to its overall flavor.
- Oddly one's sensitivity to saltiness and bitterness seems to increase as food cools, sensitivity to sweetness increases with heat.
- A piece of chocolate may have very little taste when cold, taste fine at room temperature, but seem unpleasantly sweet when hot and half-melted.
The word "language" literally comes from a Latin word lingua which means "tongue". The Greek stem is glosso- and glotto- which stand for both "language" and "tongue".
Language is used in several thousand forms and dialects expressing all kinds of views, literatures, and ways of life. If we look to the past, we can only see as far back as language lets us see it. As we look to the future, we can only plan through the means of language.
Etymology: Old English tunge, "organ of speech, speech, language"; from Proto-Germanic (a hypothetical prehistoric ancestor of all Germanic languages, including English) tungon, Old High German zunga; German Zunge; comparable to Latin lingua, "tongue, speech, language"; from Old Latin dingua.