You searched for: “refraction
refraction (s) (noun), refractions (pl)
1. The change in direction that occurs when a wave of energy; such as, when light passes from one medium to another of a different density, for example, from air to water.
2. The degree to which the apparent position of an astronomical object is distorted by the redirection of its light as it passes through the earth's atmosphere.
3. In ophthalmology, the ability of the eye to change the direction of light in order to focus it on the retina.
4. Etymology: from Late Latin refractionem, refractio, "a breaking up", from Latin refractus, past participle of refringere, "to break up", from re-, "back" + frangere, "to break".
This entry is located in the following units: frag-, frang-, fract-, fring- (page 5) -tion (page 19)
Word Entries containing the term: “refraction
astronomical refraction
The bending of light or a ray of celestial radiation as it passes into the atmosphere from space.
This entry is located in the following unit: astro-, astr- (page 6)
atmospheric refraction (s) (noun) (no pl)
1. The light passing through the Earth's atmosphere: Atmospheric refraction includes both astronomical refraction and terrestrial refraction.
2. An apparent upward displacement of celestial objects relative to the horizon as light from them is bent toward the vertical by the decreasing density with altitude of the Earth's atmosphere: Atmospheric refraction is greatest for objects on the horizon and negligible at elevations higher than about 45 degrees.

The angular difference between the apparent zenith distance of a celestial body and its true zenith distance is produced by refraction effects as the light from the body penetrates the atmosphere.

Any refraction caused by the atmosphere's normal decrease in density with height.

Near surfaces on the Earth, those within a few meters or so, are usually dominated by temperature gradients.

This entry is located in the following units: atmo-, atm- + (page 5) frag-, frang-, fract-, fring- (page 1) sphero-, spher-, -sphere- (page 4)
flux refraction (s) (noun), flux refractions (pl)
An abrupt change in direction of magnetic flux lines at the interface between two materials having different magnetic permeabilities.