You searched for: “recusation
1. Refusal, protest against, object to.
2. In civil law, a species of exception or plea to the jurisdiction, to the effect that the particular judge is disqualified from hearing the cause by reason of a special interest, incompetence, or prejudice.
3. The challenge of jurors.
4. An act, of what nature soever it may be, by which a strange heir, by deeds or words, declares he will not be an heir.