2. The prostate is actually not one but many glands, 30-50 in number, between which is abundant tissue containing many bundles of smooth muscle. The secretion of the prostate is a milky fluid that is discharged into the urethra at the time of the ejaculation of semen.
3. Etymology: from Middle French prostate, from Medieval Latin prostata, "the prostate" from Greek prostates, "prostate (gland)", from prostates "one standing in front", from proistanai, "set before", from pro-, "before" plus histanai, "cause to stand".
Herophilus, a Greek anatomist and surgeon
Herophilus c.335-c.280 B.C., born in Chalcedon, was the founder of the Alexandria school of anatomy.
The origin of the name prostate is rather strange. The word is from the Greek prostates, "to stand before". The anatomist Herophilus called it the prostate because, as he saw the situation, it stands before the testes.
- one of the first to conduct post-mortem examinations.
- the first to dissect the human body to compare it with that of other animals.
- credited with describing the brain, liver, spleen, sexual organs, and nervous system, dividing the latter into sensory and motor.
- the first to measure or time the pulse, for which he used a water clock.
2. Demonstrating a helplessness or submissive posture: The condemned prisoner assumed a prostrate position, hoping for clemency from the judge.
A physician once said that it is preferred that a man be prostrate before the urologist can examine his prostate.