2. A phrase that is followed by a noun or a pronoun either of which may be made of two or more elements and have modifiers: A prepositional phrase that describes a noun or a pronoun is identified as adjectival.
Examples of adjectival prepositional phrases include the following:
The painting in the corner is my favorite.
They flew a plane with twin engines.
The person on the corner with his hand raised is her brother. [with two prepositional phrases functioning as adjectives]
The ice in the lemonade cooled the drink.
She saw the movie with her friend.
Jacob checked under the couch and chair as he tried to find the coins that he dropped.
A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun called the object of a preposition.
One or more modifiers may come between the preposition and its object. The prepositional phrases in the following sentences are shown in bold type:
- During our English class, we saw a film about Julius Caesar.
- Because of the snowstorm, traffic was a mess throughout the city."