You searched for: “optical haze
atmospheric boil (s) (noun), terrestrial scintillation, atmospheric shimmer, optical haze; atmospheric boils (pl)
A generic term for scintillation phenomena observed in light that reaches the eyes from sources lying within the earth's atmosphere.

Scintillation refers to the rapid fluctuations in the amplitude and phase of electromagnetic or acoustic waves that have propagated through a medium containing fluctuations in refractive index, such as the atmosphere.

The most common example of optical scintillation is the "twinkling" of stars observed through the atmosphere because it arises as a result of random angular scattering produced by refractive index fluctuations.

Fluctuations in the amplitude of different frequency components in the spectrum of an object can give rise to apparent changes in its color (chromatic scintillation); an example is the random red and blue twinkling of bright stars near the horizon.

Scintillation statistics have been used to study turbulence in regions ranging from the planetary boundary layer to the ionosphere, as well as interplanetary and interstellar space and it is important for astronomical imaging, optical and radio communications, laser and acoustical propagation, active and passive remote sensing, and the performance of the Global Positioning System.

This entry is located in the following units: atmo-, atm- + (page 2) sphero-, spher-, -sphere- (page 2)