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jurisdiction (s) (noun)
, jurisdictions (pl)
1. An area or the extent or range in which legal authority or power is exercised: The courts have jurisdiction
not only over their own legal citizens, but also over foreigners who are living in their country as well.
Jurisdiction is an exercise of judicial authority, or of the functions of a judge or legal tribunal, having the power of declaring and administering law or justice and who have legal authority or power.
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2. Etymology: from Old French jurediction; from Latin jurisdictio(n); from jus, jur, "law" + dictio "saying"; from dicere, "to say".
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The extent or range in which legal authority or power is exercised. (1)