You searched for: “hydrogen ion
hydrogen ion
The nucleus of a hydrogen atom separated from its accompanying electron.

The hydrogen nucleus is made up of a particle carrying a unit positive electric charge, called a proton.

Because the bare nucleus can readily combine with other particles (electrons, atoms, and molecules), the isolated hydrogen ion can exist only in a nearly particle-free space (high vacuum) and in the gaseous state.

In common usage, the term hydrogen ion is used to refer to the hydrogen ion present in water solutions, in which it exists as the combined molecule H + H2O.

The amount of hydrogen ion present in a water solution is used as a measure of the acidity of a substance; the higher the concentration of hydrogen ion the more acidic the solution and the lower the pH.

—Compiled from "hydrogen ion", Encyclopædia Britannica; 2010;
Encyclopædia Britannica Online; May 22, 2010.
This entry is located in the following unit: ion, ion- + (page 1)