You searched for: “glaucoma
glaucoma (glaw KOH muh)
1. A group of eye diseases characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure which causes pathological changes in the optic disk and typical defects in the field of vision.
2. A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the eye.
3. Etymology: from Greek, gleaming, pale green, bluish green, gray, light-blue-eyed, gray-eyed.

It can be corrected by the use of laser light to punch a hole in the iris to relieve the intraocular pressure within the eye. The procedure is painless and requires no anaesthesia.

If untreated, it may damage the optic nerve and other parts of the eye, causing the loss of vision or even blindness.

The elderly, African-Americans, and people with family histories of the disease are at greatest risk. There are no symptoms in the early stage of glaucoma.

Glaucoma is often called "the sneak thief of sight". Often, by the time the patient notices vision loss, glaucoma can only be halted, not reversed.

There are different types of glaucoma, including open-angle glaucoma and acute angle-closure glaucoma.

Open-angle glaucoma is the common adult-onset type of glaucoma. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a less common form of glaucoma but one that can rapidly impair vision.

The treatment of glaucoma may include medication, surgery, or laser surgery. Eyedrops or pills alone can usually control glaucoma, although they cannot cure it.

Some drugs are designed to reduce pressure by slowing the flow of fluid into the eye, while others help to improve fluid drainage.

In laser surgery for glaucoma, a laser beam of light is focused on the part of the anterior chamber where the fluid leaves the eye.

This results in a series of small changes, making it easier for fluid to exit. Over time, the effect of laser surgery may wear off.

This entry is located in the following units: glauc-, glauco- + (page 1) -oma, -ome, -omatoid (page 1)
Word Entries containing the term: “glaucoma
absolute glaucoma (s) (noun), absolute glaucomas (pl)
Blindness that results from the increased pressure in the eyes and damage to the optic nerves: Although the composer was diagnosed with absolute glaucoma, she was determined it would not end her career.

Craig was afflicted with absolute glaucoma during the final years of his life.

air-block glaucoma
Increased intraocular pressure due to interference with aqueous flow caused by a bubble of gas within the anterior chamber.
This entry is located in the following unit: glauc-, glauco- + (page 1)
inflammatory glaucoma
Increased intraocular pressure due to angle obstruction by iridocyclitis or another infection.
This entry is located in the following unit: glauc-, glauco- + (page 2)
phacomorphic glaucoma
Secondary glaucoma caused by either an excessive size or spherical shape of the lens of the eye.
pupillary block glaucoma
Glaucoma which is caused by a pupillary block mechanism, that is, adhesions between the iris and the vitreous.
This entry is located in the following units: glauc-, glauco- + (page 2) pupillo-, pupill- + (page 1)