You searched for: “gland
gland
This entry is located in the following unit: gland-, glans- (page 1)
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A unit related to: “gland
(Latin: acorn; in medicine, gland, glans)
(Greek: gland or glands, glandular [from “acorn”])
(Latin: a gland or the glands near the kidneys: ad-, "near" plus ren[es], "kidneys")
(Greek > Latin: groin, swollen gland)
(Greek: to secrete, to come out; such as, a certain gland or glands)
(Greek: tear, tears; as from a tear-gland or the tear-glands in the eyes)
(Greek: sweat, sweating, perspire, perspiration; sweat gland)
(Latin: internal secretion, especially by the endocrine glands or a gland)
(Greek: breast; the front of the human chest and either of two soft rounded organs on each side of the chest in women and men; however, with women the organs are more prominent and produce milk after childbirth; also, a milk-producing gland in mammals that corresponds to the human breast)
(Greek: one who stands before, in front of; refers primarily to the prostate gland [so named because it "stands before" the mouth of the bladder])
(Greek: spittle, salivia; salivary gland)
(Latin: swollen gland, goiter)
(Greek > Modern Latin: thymus gland, glands; warty glanular growth resembling a bunch of thyme [aromatic bush leaves])
Word Entries containing the term: “gland
apocrine gland (s) (noun), apocrine glands (pl)
Any of the large sweat glands that produce both a fluid and a secretion.

Apocrine glands are restricted in men to hairy regions of the body, and are lined by a single layer of tall columnar cells with acidophile cytoplasm (thriving in a relatively acid environment).

This entry is located in the following units: apo-, ap-, aph- (page 2) crin-, crino- (page 1)
axillary gland (s) (noun), axillary glands (pl)
Any of numerous nodes (collections of tissue) situated in the areas of underarm veins that receive lymphatic drainage (almost colorless fluid that travels through vessels and carries cells that help fight infection and disease) from the upper limb, pectoral girdle (bones supporting the front or upper parts of the body), and mammary gland (two half-moon-shaped glands on either side of the adult female chest, which make up the breast): Jenny's primary physician, Dr. Smith, tried to explain how the axillary glands function and how this might explain why she was having an abnormal feeling in her armpits.
This entry is located in the following units: axillo-, axill-, axil- (page 1) gland-, glans- (page 1)
eccrine gland
Any of the rather small sweat glands that produce an eccrine secretion which are restricted to the human skin.
This entry is located in the following unit: crin-, crino- (page 1)
ecdysial gland
Insect structures that originate from the ectoderm of the ventrocaudal part of the head and serve as a source of ecdysone (family of steroid hormones found in insects, crustaceans and plants).
This entry is located in the following units: apodyso-, -apodys-; -dyso, -dys, -dysis; -ecdysi- (page 1) gland-, glans- (page 1)
incretory gland
The endocrine gland (any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream).
This entry is located in the following unit: incret-, increto- + (page 1)
mucous gland
A gland that secretes mucus; such as, the salivary gland.
This entry is located in the following unit: muco-, muc-, muci-, mucin- + (page 6)
parotid gland
1. A salivary gland situated at the base of each ear.
2. The largest of the three major salivary glands, it is located in front and below the ear and behind the jaw bone.

The other two glands are the submandibular located deep in the mandible, or jaw bone (submaxillary), and sublingual (underneath the tongue).

This entry is located in the following unit: oto-, ot-, -otic + (page 6)
pineal gland
A small cone-shaped organ of the brain that secretes the hormone melatonin into the bloodstream. It is one of the endocrine glands and is situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum (the thick band of nerve fibers that connects the two hemispheres of the brain in higher mammals and allows the hemispheres to communicate).
This entry is located in the following units: gland-, glans- (page 2) pineal-, pinea- (page 1)
pituitary gland
Designating a small gland in the brain that regulates many bodily functions.

Borrowed from New Latin pituitarius, from Latin pituitarius, "mucous"; relating to phlegm, from pituita, "phlegm, mucus".

The name for the gland in the brain was adopted from the Latin word for phlegm or mucus, because it was believed in the 1500's and 1600's that the pituitary gland channeled mucus to the nose.

The main endocrine gland

It is a small structure in the head called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. The pituitary consists of the anterior and posterior pituitary.

The anterior pituitary is the front portion of the pituitary where hormones secreted by it influence growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, and adrenocortical function.

These influences are exerted through the effects of pituitary hormones on other endocrine glands except for growth hormone which acts directly on cells.

The effects of under function of the anterior pituitary include growth retardation (dwarfism) in childhood and a decrease in all other endocrine gland functions normally under the control of the anterior pituitary; except the parathyroid glands.

The results of over function of the anterior pituitary include overgrowth (gigantism) in children and a condition called acromegaly in adults.

The posterior pituitary is the back portion of the pituitary which secretes the hormone oxytocin which increases uterine contractions and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) which increases re-absorption of water by the tubules of the kidney.

Underproduction of ADH results in a disorder called diabetes insipidus characterized by the inability to concentrate the urine and, consequently, excess urination leading potentially to dehydration. The urine is "insipid"; that is, overly dilute.

This entry is located in the following unit: pituit- + (page 1)
pyloric gland
Any of several coiled, tubular, mucus-secreting glands situated in the mucus membrane near the pyloric end of the stomach.
This entry is located in the following unit: pylor-, pyloro-, pylori- + (page 1)
thymus gland
A glandular body of obscure function (one of the so-called ductless glands) situated near the base of the neck in vertebrate animals; in people it usually disappears after the period of childhood.

This organ is important in the development of the immune response in the newborn. Its removal during early chilhood has been associated with an increased susceptibility to acute infectious diseases at a later time.

The thymus is essential to the maturation of the thymic lymphoid cells, called T cells. When the T cells enter the circulation, they are the small-sized and medium-sized lymphocytes which may survive for up to five years. These cells are important in the body's cellular immune response.

This entry is located in the following unit: thymo-1, thym-, thymi- (page 2)
Word Entries at Get Words: “gland
gland (s) (noun), glands (pl)
An organ in the body which produces a secretion used by the organism or even eliminated from it: The thyroid gland produces a substance which a person needs to regulate growth, among other factors.
This entry is located in the following unit: Words of French origin (page 4)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “gland
adrenal gland, suprarenal gland
A triangular gland situated on top of the kidney.
  1. The cortex (outer part) secretes various steroid hormones and other hormones that control salt and water metabolism and regulate the use of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
  2. The medulla (inner part) secretes the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline which, during times of stress, prepare the body for "fight or flight".
This entry is located in the following unit: Anatomy and Related Anatomical Terms (page 1)
bead gland, pearl body
One of a heterogeneous group of food bodies with a pear-like luster and high concentration of lipids, apparently used by plants to attract and support ants.
This entry is located in the following unit: Ant and Related Entomology Terms (page 4)
lachrymal gland
The tear gland located at the inner corner of the eye.
This entry is located in the following unit: Dog or Canine Terms + (page 6)
metapleural gland
A gland peculiar to the ants (Formicidae) found at the posteroventral, or metathorax, angle of the metapleuron; it produces antibiotic substances.

The metathorax is the posterior of the three segments in the thorax (area between the head and the abdomen) of an insect, and bears the third pair of legs.

Its principal sclerites (exoskeletal plates) are the metanotum (dorsal), the metasternum (ventral or lower surface of an animal's body), and the metapleuron (lateral) on each side.

This entry is located in the following unit: Ant and Related Entomology Terms (page 11)