You searched for: “geology
geology
1. The study of the earth in terms of its development as a planet since its origin, including the history of its life forms, the materials of which it is made, the processes that affect these materials, and the products that are formed from them.
2. The science which includes the structure and mineral constitution of the globe; structural geology.
3. The study or science of the earth, its history, and its life as recorded in the rocks; includes the study of geologic features of an area; such as, the geometry of rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation.
This entry is located in the following units: geo-, ge- + (page 13) -ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist (page 30)
Word Entries containing the term: “geology
agricultural geology (s) (noun)
The use of geology in agricultural applications; for example, in relation to the nature, formation, and distribution of soils.
This entry is located in the following units: agri-, agrio-, ager (page 2) -ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist (page 3)
archaeological geology, archeological geology (s) (noun); archaeological geologies, archeological geologies (pl)
The use of geological techniques and methods to archaeological work: "Archeological geology is different from geoarchaeology in that the it is a subfield of archaeology focusing on the physical context of deposits."
field geology
The preparation of geological maps that show the distribution of geologic units selected for representation on a map.

They include the plotting of the orientation of such structural features as faults, joints, cleavage, small folds, and the attitude of beds with respect to three-dimensional space.

A common objective is to interpret the structure at some depth below the surface of the earth.

It is possible to determine, with some degree of accuracy, the structure beneath the surface by using information available at the surface of the earth.

This entry is located in the following unit: geo-, ge- + (page 3)
geological oceanography; marine geology; submarine geology
The study of the features of the floors and margins of the oceans, including descriptions of topography, composition of bottom materials, interaction of sediments and rocks with air and sea water, the effects of movements in the mantle on the sea floor, and action of wave energy in the submarine crust of the earth.
historical geology
A study of the historical development of the earth from the study of its rocks.

They are analyzed in order to determine their structure, composition, and interrelationships and are examined for remains of past life.

Historical geology includes paleontology, the systematic study of past life forms; stratigraphy, of layered rocks and their interrelationships; as well as, the locations of ancient land masses and their boundaries; and geologic mapping, the superimposing of geologic information upon existing topographic maps.

This entry is located in the following unit: geo-, ge- + (page 21)
structural geology
The scientific discipline that is concerned with rock deformation on both a large and a small scale.

Its scope of study is vast, ranging from submicroscopic lattice defects in crystals to fault structures and fold systems of the earth’s crust.

Methods of structural geology

Small-scale structural features may be studied using the same general techniques that are employed in petrology, in which sections of rock mounted on glass slides are ground very thin and are then examined with polarizing microscopes.

On a larger scale, the techniques of field geology are used which include plotting the orientation of such structural features as faults, joints, cleavage, and small folds.

In most cases, the objective is to interpret the structure beneath the surface by using information available at the surface.

Where mountains, continents, ocean basins, and other large-scale features are involved, the methods employed are chiefly those of geophysics and include the use of seismological, magnetic, and gravitational techniques.

—Compiled from "structural geology", Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
This entry is located in the following units: geo-, ge- + (page 23) stru-, struct-, -structure, -struction, -structive (page 10)
Word Entries at Get Words: “geology
geology
The science of the earth, its origin, composition, structure, and history.

It is divided into such branches as: mineralogy (the minerals of the earth), petrology (rocks), stratigraphy (the deposition of successive beds of sedimentary rocks), paleontology (fossils), and tectonics (the deformation and movement of the earth's crust).

This entry is located in the following unit: Geology or Related Geological Terms + (page 5)
(a glossary, or dictionary, of terms used in geology; the science of the earth including its origin, composition, structure, and history)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “geology
Geography and Geology Terms
  1. Almanac of Geography by National Geographic; Washington, D.C.; 2005.
  2. Introduction to Historical Geology; by Raymond C. Moore; McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.; New York; 1958.
  3. Physical Geology by Anatole Dolgoff; Houghton Mifflin Company; Boston, Massachusetts; 1998.
  4. Volcanoes and Earthquakes by Jon Erickson; Tab Books, Inc.; Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania; 1987.
  5. World Explorers and Discoverers; Edited by Richard E. Bohlander; MacMillan Publishing Company; New York; 1992.
This entry is located in the following unit: Bibliography or Lists of Glossary-Term Sources (page 1)
Geology Terms
Earth studies with lists of Geology Terms.
This entry is located in the following unit: Index of Scientific and Technological Topics (page 1)