You searched for: “gangrenous
1. Suffering from tissue death.
2. Marked by or of the nature of gangrene.
This entry is located in the following unit: gangren- (page 1)
Word Entries containing the term: “gangrenous
blepharitis gangraenosa, gangrenous blepharitis
Carbuncle (an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus) of the eyelids.
This entry is located in the following unit: blepharo-, blephar- + (page 2)
gangrenous cellulitis, gangrenous dermatitis
Gangrenous necrosis of the skin of the thorax and thighs of chickens of one to four months of age caused by Clostridium septicum and other clostridia.

Clostridia refers to any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium; such as, the nitrogen-fixing bacteria found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

Most affected birds die and the mortality rate in a flock may be as high as 60%. Also known as necrotic dermatitis.

noma, water canker, stomatonecrosis, cancrum oris, gangrenous stomatitis
1. A severe gangrenous inflammation of the mouth or genitals, usually occurring in children who are malnourished or otherwise debilitated or after an infectious disease.
2. A gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in the mucous membrane of the corner of the mouth or cheek, and then progressing fairly rapidly to involve the entire thickness of the lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults; especially, in lower socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, e.g., kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever.

A similar process (noma pudendi, noma vulvae) may also involve the labia majora (larger (major) outside pair of labia (lips) of the vulva (the female external genitalia).

Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.

3. Etymology: from Medical Latin, which came from Greek nome, "a feeding, a spreading"; literally, "pasturage, food from pasturage".

Noma, a disease that is spreading in certain parts of the world

Some strains of noma starts as a sore in the mouth, eats through facial muscles, cartilage, and skin, leaving a wound that often gapes open to the bone.

It is a gangrenous infection that thrives primarily where poor sanitation and malnutrition are common.

More than 100,000 children worldwide have noma; the rate in sub-Saharan Africa is as high as one in 1,000 a year. Most victims are children, and over 70 percent die from the disease.

Although no one knows exactly what causes noma, the disease is treatable if caught in time; and preventable with proper nutrition and health care.

—Based on information from
"Stopping Noma", National Geographic; April, 2008; page 148.
This entry is located in the following unit: nom-, nomo- + (page 1)