2. The belief that religious or political doctrine should be implemented literally, not interpreted or adapted.
3. The interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth.
A movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and His Second Coming.