2. Florence, Italian Firenze, Latin Florentia, capital of Tuscany, central Italy.
It is situated on the Arno River, about 233 km (145 mi) northwest of Rome, and it is considered to be one of the world's leading artistic and cultural centers.
Under Lorenzo de' Medici and his successors, Florence was for two centuries the golden city, with an incredible flowering of intellectual and artistic life.
Many notables flourished there, including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Filippo Brunelleschi, Dante, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Galileo.
Florence’s greatest poet, Dante, harshly characterized his city’s people as tightfisted, envious, and haughty.A touch of this severe judgment still clings to the Florentines, in whose makeup one tends to miss the exuberance and warmth associated with Italians in other towns and regions.
Perhaps the Florentines, many of whom are descendants of long lines of Florentines, are reserved in self-defense against the massive stream of tourists, several million of whom crowd the historic sections of Florence each year.3. Etymology: A feminine proper name, from Latin Florentia, feminine of Florentius, literally, "blooming" from florens, florentis, florere, "to flower".
This was also the Italian city name (Roman Colonia Florentia, "flowering colony", either literal or figurative), which became Old Italian Fiorenze, and then in modern Italian Firenze.