2. An abnormal passage leading from an abscess or hollow organ to the body surface or from one hollow organ to another and permitting passage of fluids or secretions.
Frequently designated according to the organs or parts with which it communicates, as anovaginal, brochocutaneous, hepatopleural, pulmonoperitoneal, rectovaginal, urethrovaginal, etc. Such passages are frequently created experimentally for the purpose of obtaining body secretions for physiological study.
2. An abnormal passage or tract leading from an abdominal organ to the external surface of the abdomen.
In a colostomy, a passage from the bowel to an opening on the surface of the abdomen is surgically created.
A colostomy is a medical operation in which part of the colon is removed and a hole is made in the stomach through which solid waste can leave the body.
2. An abnormal connection or passageway between an artery and a vein.
Fistulas of this kind are usually created surgically in operations involving the removal of malignant or severely ulcerated bowel segments.
2. A tract leading from the stomach to the abdominal wall.
The fistula is an abnormal passageway in the body. The fistula may go from the body surface into a blindpouch or into an internal organ or go between two internal organs caused by disease, injury, or congenital malformation.
The epididymis is a structure within the scrotum attached to the backside of the testis. The epididymis is a coiled segment of the spermatic ducts that serves to store, mature, and transport spermatozoa between the testis and the vas (the vas deferens or the tube connecting the testes with the urethra which is a coiled duct that conveys sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct and the urethra).
A common complication seen shortly after birth is an aspiration pneumonia. Infants will demonstrate excessive salivation, gagging, and coughing with feeding, poor feeding, and a bluish discolouration to the skin (cyanosis).
Treatment involves the surgical repair of the esophagus before the child can take anything with the mouth.
Esophageal atresia is a disorder of the digestive system in which the esophagus does not develop properly. The esophagus is the tube that normally carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
Esophageal atresia is a congenital defect, which means it occurs before birth. There are several types. In most cases, the upper esophagus ends and does not connect with the lower esophagus and stomach.
The top end of the lower esophagus connects to the windpipe. This connection is called a tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). Some babies with tracheoesophageal (TEF) will also have other problems, such as heart or other digestive tract disorders.
Other types of esophageal atresia involve narrowing of the esophagus, and may also be associated with other birth defects.
The fistula is an abnormal duct or passage resulting from injury, disease, or a congenital disorder that connects an abscess, cavity, or a hollow organ to the body surface or to another hollow organ.