You searched for: “fable
fable (s) (noun), fables (pl)
1. A short story with an objective of pointing out good behavior; especially, one in which the characters are animals: "Usually a fable was told to teach a moral lesson for people to achieve."

"The teacher told her students the fable about the fox and the grapes."

2. A story about supernatural, mythological, or legendary characters and events: "Aesop's fables have given us such useful expressions and sayings as sour grapes, and one good turn deserves another good turn.
3. A false or improbable account of something: "Ervin's story about his pirate ancestor is probably another one of his fables."
4. Myths and legends (fables) collectively.
5. Etymology: from Old French fable, from Latin fabula, "story, play, fable"; literally, "that which is told", from fari, "to speak, to tell"; related to Latin fama, "talk, rumor, report, reputation."

Greek phama, "fame", and phanai, "to speak", are also related to Latin fari.

Fables, a collection of stories attributed to Greek writer Aesop (c. 6th century B.C.). Many of the tales feature animals as characters and each one illustrates a specific moral. It is traditionally said to be the origin of the literary fable (although earlier examples have been found), they were used by the ancient Greeks for both educational and rhetorical purposes.

We should distinguish between the fable and the myth. A fable is a story, like “The Fox and the Grapes”, in which characters and plot, neither pretending to be real nor demanding believability, are fabricated as the vehicle of moral or didactic instruction.

Myths, on the other hand, are stories of anonymous origin, prevalent among primitive peoples and by them accepted as true, concerning supernatural beings and events, or natural beings and events influenced by supernatural agencies.

Fables are made by individuals; they may be told in any stage of a nation’s history. They are vessels made to order into which a lesson may be poured. Myths are born, not made. They are born in the infancy of a people and their culture.

—The presentation for this section is based on information from following sources:

Funk & Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore Mythology and Legend;
Maria Leach, Editor; Funk & Wagnalls Company, page 361; New York; 1949.

Classical Myths That Live Today by Frances E. Sabin; Silver Burdett Company; page 67;
Morristown, New Jersey; 1958.

Dictionary of Classical Mythology by J.E. Zimmerman; Harper & Row, Publishers;
pages vii-xii, Introduction; New York; 1964.
This entry is located in the following unit: fa-, fam-, fan-, fant-, fat-, -fess; fab-, fabul- (page 2)
fable, foible
fable (FAY buhl) (noun)
1. A short story that is usually about animals and which is intended to teach a lesson: Lynn's favorite Aesop fable is about a fox and some grapes.
2. A story or statement that is not true: Carmela combines fact and fable to make her novel more interesting.
foible (FOI buhl) (noun)
A minor fault in someone's character or behavior: Each of us has some little foible which can be very amusing.

As a storyteller, Dudley often used a fable to illustrate a charming foible in a character’s personality.

A unit related to: “fable
(Greek ainigma > Latin aenigma: dark saying, riddle, fable; from ainissesthai, "to speak darkly, to speak in riddles")
("The Emperor's New Clothes" by Hans Christian Andersen is a fable about the pitfalls of political self-aggrandizement and the fear of people to face reality even when they know that the reality of the situation is untrue)
Word Entries at Get Words: “fable
fable (FAY buhl) (s) (noun), fables (pl)
1. A story with a moral or cautionary message: Many people have read the fable about the fox and the grapes.
2. A fanciful and factitious story, a fabrication: That story about Mike's pirate ancestor is probably nothing more than a fable.
3. Etymology: from Latin fari, "to speak" (our words fame and fate are from the same root). Greek phama "fame", and phanai, "to speak", are also related to the Latin elements.
This entry is located in the following unit: English Words in Action, Group F (page 1)