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electrophoretic effect
1. The tendency of an applied electromotive force to move an ionic atmosphere in a direction opposite to that of the motion of the central ion, creating a counter-current effect which reduces the ion's velocity.
2. A retarding effect on the characteristic motion of an ion in an electrolytic solution subjected to a potential gradient, that results from a motion in the opposite direction by the ion atmosphere.
This entry is located in the following unit: electro-, electr-, electri- (page 76)