You searched for: “cognomina
cognomen (s) (kahg NOH muhn) (noun); cognomina, cognomens (pl)
1. A family name or a surname: In current times, "Smith" is the cognomen for James Smith.
2. Any name; especially, a nickname: "Mike" is the cognomen for Michael.
3. The third and commonly the last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, indicating the person's house or family, as "Caesar" in "Gaius Julius Caesar" or "Cicero" in "Marcus Tullius Cicero".

The ancient Roman name, Publius Cornelius Scipio, presents "Scipio" as his cognomen.

The full name of the poet Virgil was Publius Vergilius Maro and Maro designates or specifies his cognomen.

A family name or a descriptive nickname.
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