2. The science of physical life; the division of physical science that deals with organized beings or animals and plants, their morphology, physiology, origin, and distribution.
3. The study of living organisms, including their structure, function, evolution, interrelationships, behavior, and distribution.
4. The study of human life and living.
5. The study of the properties and history of living organisms and of their interactions with the non-living world.
Using physics as a model, biologists have attempted to find universal processes and properties of all organisms that can be applied to all forms, despite the apparent diversity of life.
Living organisms are affected by and affect the non-living world strongly. The study of the history of the earth and its atmosphere is inseparable from the study of biology.
James L. Sumich, Grossmont College; Wm. C. Brown Publishers, College Edition; Dubuque, Iowa; 1988.
Intraspecific competition; for example, competition among members of the same species, is shown by some species of birds and mammals, the males of which set up territories from which all other males of the same species are excluded.
With interspecific competition, members of different species compete for the same ecologically limiting factors; such as, a food source.
The phrase "dark biology" was coined by the science writer and novelist Richard Preston in his self-described "trilogy on dark biology": The Hot Zone (1994), The Cobra Event (1997), and The Demon In the Freezer (2002).
The i-biology approach represents the consolidation of the many diverse data in life science research into refined information. In contrast to bioinformatics, which represents solely computational biology, i-biology stands for an integrated approach, bringing applied scientists and bioinformaticians together.
Actually, it was a collection of disciplines that included botany and zoology, biology was (along with medicine) one of the two principal areas of studies in the life sciences.
2. A blend of biology and electronics.
- Biology: The science of life and of living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution. It includes botany and zoology and all their subdivisions.
- Electronics: Electronic devices and systems or the application of the conduction of electric charges in various media, including vacuums, gaseous media, and semiconductors.