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The chemistry of the Middle Ages and 16th century; now applied distinctively to the pursuit of the transmutation of baser metals into gold, which (with the search for the alkahest, or universal solvent; and the panacea, or universal remedy) constituted the chief practical object of early chemistry. Via Old French alquemie and medieval Latin alchimia from Arabic al-kimya, “the chemistry”, ultimately from Greek khemeia.
Science is facts; just as houses are made of stones, so is science made of facts; but a pile of stones is not a house and a collection of facts is not necessarily science.
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An ancient discipline from which the modern science of chemistry developed.
Alchemy came to be related to dreams through the work of Carl Jung, who perceived archetypal images in the symbolic language of alchemy. Jung suggested an existence of an unconscious urge towards psychological growth and health that he termed to be the individuation process.
The process was supposed to have propelled the individual towards psychic integration, bringing progressively more of the contents of the unconscious mind into the expanding awareness of the ego.
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alchemy (s) (noun), alchemies (pl)
A set of mystical beliefs based on the idea that ordinary matter can be perfected.
In the Middle Ages this became a semi-scientific discipline concerned; for example, with attempts to turn various metals into gold.
This entry is located in the following units: Alchemy, an ancient science (page 1) Science and Technology Words from the Ancient Past to the Present, Part 1 (page 1)
Alchemy, an ancient science
Terms and article about the science of alchemy.
This entry is located in the following unit: Index of Scientific and Technological Topics (page 1)
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(how alchemists changed matter into useful applications)