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Acropolis (proper noun)
The citadel of Athens: The Acropolis is the famous citadel of Athens including the Parthenon, the Erechtheum, and other distinguished edifices, many of them dating from the 5th century BC.
The Parthenon was the chief temple of the goddess Athena built on the acropolis at Athens between 447 and 432 B.C. and considered a supreme example of Doric architecture.
acropolis (noun), acropolises; acropoleis (pl)
A promontory, usually a fortified citadel, that created the center of a Grecian city at the top or on a hill: Acropolises apply to very old Greek settlements which were built high up on a hill and served as forts, centers for religious activities, and finally as a cultural core of larger cities.
One famous acropolis is the ancient city of Athens.