Calendar Names of Days and Months in Different Languages

(a compilation of several languages)

The dates displayed in these pages are based on a compilation of the phases of time as expressed in several languages with a presentation of fascinating facts, fantasies, and fallacies that have merged as elements of time.

The equivalents in all of the following languages have been written with Roman/Latin fonts (letters), even in those situations when a language actually employs different letter forms. For example, such languages as Greek, Georgian, Russian (Cyrillic), Hebrew, and Arabic are transliterated into the Roman/Latin-type fonts.

Polish (Polski) months
styczen (January)
luty (February)
marzec (March)
kwiecien (April)
maj (May)
czerwiec (June)
lipiec (July)
sierpien (August)
wrzesien (September)
pazdziernik (October)
listopad (November)
grudzien (December)

—Based on information from

Berlitz East European Phrase Book, Berlitz Publishing Company, Ltd.;
Oxford, England, 1995.

Eastern Europe Phrasebook, by Krzysztof Dydynski;
Lonely Planet Publications; Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia; 1992.

International Dictionary in 21 Languages, by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.
Portuguese (Português) days
domingo (Sunday)
segunda feira (Monday)
terça feira (Tuesday)
quarta feira (Wednesday)
quinta feira (Thursday)
sexta feira (Friday)
sábado (Saturday)

Portugal dropped the five planetary names for the days of the week and replaced them with numerical references because it adopted the regular ecclesiastical (Roman-Catholic) system which was once numerical in an effort to eliminate the use of the names of the "pagan" gods and goddesses.


Portuguese (Português) months
janeiro (January)
fevereiro (February)
março (March)
abril (April)
maio (May)
junho (June)
julho (July)
agosto (August)
setembro (September)
outubro (October)
novembro (November)
dezembro (December)
—Based on information from
International Dictionary in 21 Languages, by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.
Romanian (Româna) days
luni (Monday)
marti (Tuesday)
miercuri (Wednesday)
joi (Thursday)
vineri (Friday)
sîmbata (Saturday)
duminica (Sunday)
Romanian (Româna) months
ianuarie (January)
februarie (February)
martie (March)
aprilie (April)
mai (May)
iuni (June)
iulie (July)
august (August)
septembrie (September)
octombrie (October)
noiembrie (November)
decembrie (December)
—Based on information from
International Dictionary in 21 Languages, by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.
Russian (Russki) days
ponedél’nik(panidy él ‘nik)(Monday)
vtórnik(ftórnik)(Tuesday)
sredá(sryedá)(Wednesday)
cetvérg(chitvérk)(Thursday)
pjátnica(pyátnitsa)(Friday)
subbóta(subóta)(Saturday)
voskresén’e(vaskrisyen’ye)(Sunday)

voskresén’e, “resurrection” day. Nedél-ya, "not working" is used in some Russian dialects.

ponedél’nik, po means "after", so "Mon-day" is expressed as the "day after the non-working day".

vtórnik, "second working day after the non-working day".

sredá, "middle" of the week.

cetvérg, "fourth working day after the non-working day".

pjátnica, "fifth working day after the non-working day".

subbóta, "Sabbath" day.


The fact that Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday are spoken of as the second, fourth, and fifth days instead of third, fifth and sixth, shows that the week is thought of as beginning on Monday. This is a natural idea from the point of view of workers.

This interpretation is opposed to ecclesiastical and biblical usage. It is thus in marked contrast with the strong religious feeling expressed in the ordinary Russian name of “Resurrection” day for Sunday.



Russian (Russki) months
janvár’ (yahnvahr, yinvár) (January)
fevrál’ (f’yevrahl, fivrál’) (February)
mart (mahrt, mart) (March)
aprél’ (ahprail, apryel’) (April)
maj (migh) (May)
ijún’ (eeyoon, iyún’) (June)
ijúl’ (eeyool, iyúl’) (July)
ávgust (ahvgoost) (August)
sentjábr’ (s’yentyahbr) (September)
oktjábr’ (aktyábr’) (October)
nojábr’ (nohyahbr, nayábr’) (November)
dekábr’ (d’yehkahbr, dikábr’) (December)

The Russian language uses what is called a Cyrillic alphabet which was introduced in the ninth century B.C. by St. Cyril, who combined letters from the Greek and Roman alphabets.

—Based on information from
International Dictionary in 21 Languages, by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.

Also from information provided by Mr. Heinz Lutz,
of Oestrich/Winkel, Germany; an "official language translator"
for private or legal matters.
Spanish (Castilian) days
domingo (Sunday)
lunes (Monday)
martes (Tuesday)
miércoles (Wednesday)
jueves (Thursday)
viernes (Friday)
sábado (Saturday)
Spanish (Castilian) months
enero (January)
febrero (February)
marzo (March)
abril (April)
mayo (May)
junio (June)
julio (July)
agosto (August)
septiembre (September)
octubre (October)
noviembre (November)
diciembre (December)
—Based on information from
International Dictionary in 21 Languages by H.L. Ouseg;
Philosophical Library; New York 1962.
Swahili days
juma mosi, 1st day (Saturday)
juma pili, 2nd day (Sunday)
juma tatu, 3rd day (Monday)
juma nne, 4th day (Tuesday)
juma tano, 5th day (Wednesday)
alhamisi, 6th day (Thursday)
ijumaa, 7th day (Friday)

—Based on information from
Berlitz World-Wide Phrase Book edited by staff of
The Berlitz Schools of Languages;
Published by Grosset & “Dunlap; New York; 1962.
Swahili months
mwezi wa kwanza wa mwaka, 1st month (January)
mwezi wa pili, 2nd month (February)
mwezi wa tatu, 3rd month (March)
mwezi wa nne, 4th month (April)
mwezi wa tano, 5th month (May)
mwezi wa sita, 6th month (June)
mwezi wa saba, 7th month (July)
mwezi wa nane, 8th month (August)
mwezi wa tisa, 9th month (September)
mwezi wa kumi, 10th month (October)
mwezi wa kumi na moja, 11th month (November)
mwezi wa kumi na mbili, 12th month (December)

—Based on information from
Phrase Book, English-Swahili-German by Kitabu cha Kujifunza Matamshi(?);
no publication place given, no date indicated.
Swedish (Svenska) days
söndag (Sunday)
måndag (Monday)
tisdag (Tuesday)
onsdag (Wednesday)
torsdag (Thursday)
fredag (Friday)
lordag (Saturday)
Swedish (Svenska) months
Januari (January)
Februari (February)
Mars (March)
April (April)
Maj (May)
Juni (June)
Juli (July)
Augusti (August)
September (September)
Oktober (October)
November (November)
December (December)
—Based on information from

Say it in Swedish by Birgit and Ake Leander;
Dover Publications, Inc.; New York; 1954.

International Dictionary in 21 Languages;
by H.L. Ouseg; Philosophical Library; New York; 1962.
Thai (Siamese) days
wahn jahn (Monday)
wahn ahng-kahn (Tuesday)
wahn hpoot (Wednesday)
wahn hpa-hreu-haht (Thursday)
wahn lsook (Friday)
wahn rsow (Saturday)
wahn ah-htit (Sunday)
Thai (Siamese) months
hmok-ga-rah kohm (January)
goom-pah pahn (February)
mee-nah kohm (March)
mek-rsah yohn (April)
hpreut-sa-pah kohm (May)
hmit-too-nah yohn (June)
ga-hrahk-ga-dah kohm (July)
rsing-rhah kohm (August)
gahn-yah yohn (September)
dtoo-lah kohm (October)
hpreut-sa-ljih-gah yohn (November)
tahn-wah kohm (December)
—Based on information from
Robertson’s Practical English-Thai Dictionary edited by Richard G. Robertson;
Charles E. Tuttle Co. Publishers; Rutlan, Vermont & Tokyo, Japan; 1969.