ad-

(Latin: prefix; to, toward, a direction toward, addition to, near, at; and changes to: ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, at- when ad- is combined with certain words that begin with the letters c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t)

The Latin element ad carries the idea of "in the direction of" and combines with many Latin words and roots to make common English words.

The form ad- appears in this form before a vowel and before the consonants d, h, j, m, and v. It is simplified to a- before sc, sp and st.

Before c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t; ad- is changed to ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, and at-.

In other words, the d of ad usually changes into the same letter as the first letter of the following root or word when it is a consonant: ad-fix becomes affix, and ad-sign becomes assign; therefore, making a double consonant.

Another example includes: attract as with ad-tract (drawn towards); so it has a double t. On the other hand when ad- precedes a vowel, as with adapt, it is simply ad-apt, with one d. For the same reason, there is only one d in adore and adumbrate, because ad- has combined with orare and umbra each of which starts with a vowel.

So, remember: since these Latin words begin with vowels and not consonants, the d of ad does not double as shown in the previous examples.

adopt
1. To raise a child of other biological parents as if he/she were your own, in accordance with formal legal procedures.
2. To take up something; such as, a plan, an idea, a cause, or a practice and to use or follow it.
3. To assume an attitude or way of behaving: "They tried to adopt a new way of living."
4. To take on and to use a new name or title.
5. To vote to accept something; such as, a government committee's decision or a congressional bill.
adoption
1. The act of accepting with approval or a favorable reception.
2. A term for a situation in which adult animals take over the care of young who are not their own offspring.
adoral
1. Situated toward or near the mouth.
2. Directed toward the mouth.
adore
1. To love someone intensely.
2. To like something or someone very much.
3. To regard with deep, often rapturous love.
4. To worship God, a god, or a spirit.
5. Etymology: from Old French aourer, "to adore, to worship"; from Latin adorare, "to speak to, to entreat, to beseech, to ask in prayer, to worship"; from ad-, "to" and orare, "to speak, to pray".
adorn (verb), adorns; adorned; adorning
1. To add decoration or ornamentation to something.
2. To add to the beauty or glory of something or someone.
adrenal
1. Near or upon the kidney; denoting the suprarenal (adrenal) gland.
2. A suprarenal gland or separate tissue or product thereof.
adsorb, adsorbable, adsorbability
To take up and to hold another substance on the surface in order to carry on the process of adsorption.
adsorbate
Something which is absorbed; such as, material gathered on a surface by adsorption.
adsorbent
1. A material that can hold or condense molecules of another substance on its surface by adsorption.
2. Relating to or capable of adsorption.
adsorption
The taking up of the molecules from a gas or liquid on the surface of another substance; distinguished from adsorption, a process where one substance actually penetrates into the inner structure of the other.
adtital
Relating to an organism living immediately below low-tide levels.
adulate (verb), adulates; adulated; adulating
To show excess devotion to someone or to express obsequious admiration by making a big fuss about the person: Sam was overdoing it when he adulated on and on about his supervisor during the business meeting.
To flatter or to over praise.
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adulation (ad yoo LAY shuhn, ad yuh LAY shuhn) (s) (noun), adulations (pl)
1. Excessive flattery, praise, or admiration beyond normal; especially, when done in a servile way: In hopes of getting a substantial raise, Manfred sent his boss a flattering e-mail filled with adulations and an invitation to go for a coffee break together.
2. Abject adoration or great admiration and praise: The critic expressed her adulation and enthusiasm in the local newspaper regarding the dramatic production at the local theater last weekend.
3. Etymology: from Latin adulationem and adulatio, "a fawning; great flattery", a noun of action from aduliari, "to gratify the vanity of"; from ad-, "to" + ulos, "tail".

If you were to imagine a dog wagging its tail to get a treat or to show a lot of friendly behavior, you're thinking is correct. Adulation is considered to be one of the more doglike characteristics of human behavior.

Extravagant praise.
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Hypocritical praise and fawning.
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Excessive praise or flattery.
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adulator (s) (noun), adulators (pl)
A person who uses flattery and clich├ęs or superficial compliments in order to please another person or a group of people: "After an adulator introduced a politician with many complimentary words of praise, the candidate stood up and told the audience that after hearing so many wonderful things about him, he could hardly wait to hear himself start his speech."
adulatory (adjective), more adulatory, most adulatory
Descriptive of a tendency to insincerely praise someone with flattery and being excessively willing to do almost anything to please that person: Often when foreign officials meet, there is a tendency to exchange adulatory comments that are full of platitudes or overused words and insincere praise.
Containing excessive praise.
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