gov-, gover- +

(Greek > Latin: to steer or to pilot a ship; to rule; a steersman)

From Greek, kubernan, "to steer" and is related to words beginning with cyber-. From the Greek, Latin picked it up as gubernare, and guvernator, "to steer" or "to pilot a ship" from which we also get "gubernatorial".

antigovernment
1. Opposed to or in rebellion against an existing government.
2. Pertaining to a political group, military force, etc., seeking to replace or to overthrow an existing government.
extra-governmental, extragovernmental (adjective); more extra-governmental, more extragovernmental; most extra-governmental, most extragovernmental
Pertaining to being outside the limitations of the judicial and regulatory bodies of a country’s authority: A ruling power is considered to be extra-governmental when it goes beyond the boundaries drawn around its power by a written constitution and operating in sharp contrast to the way it was designed to function.
govern
1. To be responsible officially for directing the affairs, policies, and economy of a state, country, or organization.
2. To make and to administer the public policy and affairs of; to exercise sovereign authority.
3. To control, to regulate, or to direct something.
4. To have or to exercise an influence over something.
5. To control something by restraint: "She was unable to govern her emotions."
6. To maintain the speed of an engine or to keep it from going above a specific level by controlling the fuel or steam supply.
7. To be the defining rule for something.
governable (adjective)
1. Capable of being controlled.
2. Capable of being subjected to authority; amenable to law or rule; controllable; manageable; obedient.
governance
1. The act, process, or power of governing.
2. The exercise of authority; control.
governess
1. A woman entrusted with the care and supervision of a child; especially, in a private home.
2. A woman employed to teach children in their own homes, and sometimes also to care for the children.
governing
1. Being responsible for making and enforcing rules and laws.
2. Having the power to govern a country or an organization.
government
1. A group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area.
2. A state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
3. The control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
4. The administration or management of an organization, business, or institution.
5. The management or control of something.
Two characteristics of government are that it cannot do anything quickly, and that it never knows when to quit.
—Jeremy Thorpe
The trouble with this country is that there are too many politicians who believe, with a conviction based on experience, that you can fool all of the people all of the time.
—Franklin P. Adams, 1881-1960, American journalist
In general, the art of government consists in taking as much money as possible from one party of the citizens to give to the other.
—Voltaire, 1694-1778, French satirist
government deficit
A shortage, less than is due, or in the case of a business or government budget, more expenditures than income.

Unbalanced budgets with a planned year-end deficit are prohibited at every level of government except the federal.

governmental
A government with the authority to make laws, to adjudicate disputes, and to issue administrative decisions.
governmentalism
A trend toward expansion of a government's role, range of activities, or power.
governmentalist
1. Someone who has a theory advocating extension of the sphere and degree of government activity.
2. Anyone who has a tendency toward the extension of the role of government.
governmentally
A reference to a small group of people holding simultaneously the principal political executive offices of a nation, or other political unit, and being responsible for the direction and supervision of public affairs.
governor
1. The elected executive of a state government in the United States.
2. A control that maintains a steady speed in a machine; such as, by controlling the supply of fuel.
governs
1. To bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; to impose regulations.
2. Controlling and being responsible for the public business of a country, state, city, or other organized group.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "master, lead, leading, ruler, ruling, govern": -agogic; agon-; arch-; -crat; dom-; magist-; poten-; regi-; tyran-.