gno-, gnos-, gnoto-, -gnostic, -gnosia, -gnomic, -gnomonic, -gnomical, -gnomy, -gnosia, -gnostic, -gnosis

(Greek: know, learn, discern)

autognosis
1. Recognition of one's own character, tendencies, and peculiarities; self-knowing.
2. Knowledge of self; especially, the appreciation of one's own emotional conflicts.
autotopagnosia
1. The inability to recognize or correctly orient the parts of one's own body.
2. Loss of the power to recognize or orient a bodily part due to a brain lesion.
3. Inability to localize and name the parts of one's own body; for example, finger agnosia would be autotopagnosia restricted to the fingers.
baragnosia
1. The loss of the ability to estimate or to perceive the weight of an object.
2. Loss or impairment of the ability to differentiate varying weights or pressures, sometimes the result of a brain lesion.
3. Loss of the ability to appreciate the weight of objects held in the hand, or to differentiate objects of different weights. When the primary senses are intact, it probably would be caused by a lesion of the contralateral parietal lobe.
baragnosis
1. The loss of the ability to estimate or perceive the weight of an object.
2. Loss or impairment of the ability to differentiate varying weights or pressures, sometimes as the result of a brain lesion.
baragnosis, baragnosia, baroagnosis
1. The inability to appreciate or estimate weight.
2. Loss of the sense of weight.
barognosis
1. The ability to estimate or perceive differences in the weight of various objects.
2. The perception of weight by the cutaneous and muscle senses; the ability to perceive weight.
3. Conscious perception of weight; the faculty by which weight is recognized; such as, when an object is placed in the hand.
biognosis
The investigation of life which results in knowing about life.
cheirognomic, chirognomic
1. The art of judging character by the shape and appearance of the hand.
2. Foretelling (knowing) the future by studying a person's hand.
clinical diagnosis
cognition (kahg NISH uhn) (s) (noun), cognitions (pl)
1. The procedure of becoming knowledgeable, including perception, reasoning, judgement, awareness, and intuition: Janet used her cognition to learn different foreign languages which otherwise would not have been possible!

Some people have mental disabilities that affect their cognitions and judgments in a negative way.

2. Etymology: from the Latin stem cognition-; from cognoscere, "to get to know"; from (g)noscere, "to know".
cognitional (adjective), more cognitional, most cognitional
A reference to the act or process of perceiving and learning about something; including, both awareness and judgment: Mrs. Smith was very pleased to see the cognitional progress her students were making in her German class because now they could speak in that language and actually understand what they were saying to each other!
cognitive (KAHG ni tiv) (adjective), more cognitive, most cognitive
1. Pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes: Cognitive development in a child can be seen in his or her ability to think in order to solve problems.
2. Relating to acquiring knowledge by the use of thought processes of intuition or perceptions: Sharon had a premonition or cognitive discernment of what could happen if she pealed an apple too fast, so she pared it slowly to avoid cutting herself.
cognizability (s) (noun), cognizabilities (pl)
1. The possibility for others to recognize or to know someone.
2. The ability to have knowledge or understanding.
cognizable (KAHG ni zuh buhl, kahg NIGH zuh buh) (adjective), more cognizable, most cognizable
1. The capability of being aware of something or perceiving with the mind: The dates for the city events were all cognizable because they had been discussed and were publicized to take place in the spring.
2. Within a law court's jurisdiction of a particular court of law and therefore able to be tried by that court: The facts of the case of a cognizable malpractice was ordered by the judge to be determined by another legal trial.
cognizably (adverb), more cognizably, most cognizably
Regarding the way a person perceives or is aware of what is going on: Sally read a poem to the class very cognizably, showing that she understood what she was reciting.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "know, knowledge; learn, learning": cogni-; discip-; histor-; intellect-; learn, know; math-; sap-; sci-; sopho-.