ethno-, ethn- +
(Greek: people, race, tribe, nation; group of people living together; community, family)
2. The dominion of, or province ruled by, an ethnarch (a ruler of a province of people).
3. Government over or rule of an ethnic group
2. Designating the physical and cultural traits that distinguish members of one society or larger human group from members of other such groups.
3. Relating to physical and mental traits possessed by members of group; such as, a product of their common heredity and cultural tradition; peculiar to a race or nation.
4. From Late Latin (ecclesiastic) ethnic(us), "pagan", from Greek ethnikos, "peculiar to a nation", in Low Greek (ecclesiastic), "gentile, heathen", from Greek ethn(os), "a nation, a people".
An ethnic group is a human population whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry. Ethnic groups are also usually united by common cultural, behavioral, linguistic, or religious practices.
2. Ethnic traits in general.
2. The use of archaeological/archeological techniques and data to study living cultures; especially, current or recent aboriginal groups; such as, the Inuit or Bushmen.
The study of contemporary cultures with a view to understanding the behavioral relationships which underlie the production of material culture. It is the use of archaeological techniques and data to study these living cultures and the use of ethnographic data to inform the examination of the archaeological record.
It is a relatively new branch of the discipline, followed particularly in America. It seeks to compare the patterns recognized in the material culture from archaeological contexts with patterns yielded through the study of living societies.
The ethnoarchaeologist is particularly concerned with the manufacture, distribution, and use of artifacts, the remains of various processes that might be expected to survive, and the interpretation of archaeological material in the light of the ethnographic information.
Less materially oriented questions; such as, technological development, subsistence strategies, and social evolution are also compared in archaeology and ethnology under the general heading of ethnographic analogy.
2. The study of ethnic groups as they are affected by the biological factors in their environment.
3. The study of the way various cultural groups make use of or interact with the animals and plants of their environment.
An ethnobiologist who is working to preserve the skills of native medicine men (shamans) in South America.