cult-, -cultural, -culture, -cultures, -culturally, -cultrist

(Latin: to care for, to till [the ground], to cherish; to dwell, to inhabit)

aeroculture (s) (noun), aerocultures (pl)
Plants without soil; growing of plants without soil by suspending them above sprays that moisten their roots with water and nutrients.
agricultural (adjective), more agricultural, most agricultural
1. Relating to or used in or promoting agriculture or farming; "agricultural engineering"; "modern agricultural (or farming) methods"; "agricultural (or farm) equipment"; "an agricultural college".
2. A reference to rural matters; "an agrarian (or agricultural) society"; "farming communities"; also, agrarian, farming.
agriculturally (adverb), more agriculturally, most agriculturally
agriculture (s) (noun), agricultures (pl)
1. The science and art of cultivating the soil; including the allied pursuits of gathering in the crops and rearing live stock; tillage, husbandry, farming (in the widest sense).
2. The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.
3. The process, business, or science of producing food, feed, fiber, and other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock).
agriculturist, agriculturalist (s) (noun); agriculturists, agriculturalists (pl)
1. A student of the science of agriculture, (but soon extended to) a professed cultivator of the land, a farmer.
2. Someone who studies or is involved with agriculture.
agrosilvicultural (adjective), more agrosilvicultural, most agrosilvicultural
A reference to the growing of crops and trees in the same units of land. A subdivision of agroforestry.
anaculture (s) (noun), anaculture (pl)
A mixed bacterial culture; especially, one used in the preparation of autogenous vaccines.
apicultural (adjective), more apicultural, most apicultural
Relating to the care and breeding of bees; especially, for commercial reasons or the selling of honey or rental to farmers for pollinating crops.
apiculture (s) (noun), apicultures (pl)
1. The raising and care of bees for commercial or agricultural purposes.
2. The cultivation of bees on a commercial scale for the production of honey.
apiculturist (s) (noun), apiculturists (pl)
Someone who is engaged in the raising and care of bees for commercial or agricultural reasons.
aquacultural (adjective), more aquacultural, most aquacultural
1. A reference to the science, art, and business of cultivating marine or freshwater food fish or shellfish, such as oysters, clams, salmon, and trout, under controlled conditions.
2. Of or relating to aquiculture; "aquacultural methods"; "hydroponic lettuce".
aquaculture (s) (noun), aquacultures (pl)
The farming of ocean and freshwater plants and animals for human consumption; such as, fish or shellfish, algae, and other aquatic plants.

Mariculture is specifically marine aquaculture, and therefor is a subset of aquaculture. Some examples of aquaculture include raising catfish and tilapia in freshwater ponds, growing cultured pearls, and farming salmon in net-pens set out in a bay. Fish farming is a common type of aquaculture.

The area of the most intense aquaculture is found to be in southern Louisiana with over 125,000 acres (50,600 Hectares) of crayfish ponds.

McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology; McGraw-Hill, Inc.;
New York; 1993; page 29.
aquiculture (s) (noun), aquicultures (pl)
1. Culture of the natural production of water; fish-breeding as a branch of industry.
2. The science, art, and business of cultivating marine or freshwater food fish or shellfish; such as, oysters, clams, salmon, and trout, under controlled conditions.
3. Another term for hydroponics [hydro-, "water" + (geo)ponics]; a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients.
arboricultural (adjective), more arboricultural, most arboricultural
A reference to the planting and care of woody plants, especially trees.
arboriculture (s) (noun), arboricultures (pl)
1. The cultivation of trees and shrubs for use or for ornamental reasons.
2. The planting and care of woody plants, especially trees.