colon-, -coln +

(Latin: estate, farm, settlement)

Don't confuse this colon-, -coln, "estate, farm" unit with the following -cole, -cola, -coles (living among, dwelling in); cole-, coleo- (sheath, scabbard, vagina); coll-, col- (neck); collo-, coll- (glue); and colo-, col- (colon, large intestine) units.

colonial
1. Of, relating to, possessing, or inhabiting a colony or colonies.
2. Of or relating to the thirteen British colonies that became the original United States of America.
3. Of or relating to the colonial period in the United States. 4. Living in, consisting of, or forming a colony; such as, "colonial organisms".
5. Etymology: from Latin colonia, "landed estate, farm, settlement, colony", from colonus, "tiller of the ground, husbandman, farmer"; from colere, "to till (the ground), to cultivate, to dwell, to inhabit"; related to incola, "inhabitant".
colonist, colonizer
1. An original settler or founder of a colony.
2. An inhabitant of a colony.
colonists (pl) (noun) (plural used as a singular)
1. A group of emigrants or their descendants who settle in a distant land but remain subject to or closely connected with the parent country.
2. A group of people with the same ethnic origin or interests concentrated in a particular area.
3. A group of the same kind of animals, plants, or one-celled organisms living or growing together.
4. Etymology: citizens of an "ancient Roman settlement outside Italy", from Latin colonia, "settled land, farm, landed estate"; from colonus, "husbandman, tenant farmer, settler in a new land"; from colere, "to inhabit, to cultivate, to frequent, to practice, to tend, to guard, to respect"; source of Latin -cola, "inhabitant".
colonization
1. The act or process of establishing a colony or colonies.
2. Sending people to live in and to govern another country:
colonize
1. To form or establish a colony or colonies.
2. To migrate to and settle in; occupy as a colony.
3. To resettle or confine (people) in or as if in a colony.
4. To settle in a colony or colonies.
colony
1. A group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
2. Any people or territory separated from but subject to a ruling power.
3. A number of people coming from the same country, or speaking the same language, residing in a foreign country or city, or a particular section of it; enclave: the Polish colony in Israel; the American colony in Paris.
4. Any group of individuals having similar interests, occupations, etc., usually living in a particular locality; community; such as, a colony of artists.
5. An aggregation of bacteria growing together as the descendants of a single cell.
6. Ecologically, a group of organisms of the same kind living or growing in close association.
7. Etymologically, a colony is a "settled land". Latin colere "inhabit, cultivate" refers to someone who settled on a new piece of land and cultivated it and so became a colonus and the land he settled was his colonia.

The German city of Cologne gets its name from Latin colonia; in Roman times it was called Colonia Agrippina, the "settlement" or "colony of Agrippa".