-tion

(Latin: a suffix forming nouns from verbs of condition and action; an act or process: resumption, absorption; state or condition, redemption, exhaustion; something resulting from or otherwise related to an act or process, assumption, friction)

This unit is presenting a small fraction of the hundreds of words ending with the suffix of -tion; however, there is a significant number of words which may help everyone have a better understanding and appreciation of the use of this element.

indiscretion (s) (noun), indiscretions (pl)
A lack of good judgment or care in behavior and especially in speech: As a reporter for the city newspaper, Eve has been criticized for showing indiscretion regarding her written remarks about the mayor.
indisposition (s) (noun), indispositions (pl)
An illness that is not severe; a reluctance or disinclination to do something: Janet's indisposition kept her home from school for three days.
indistinction (s) (noun), indistinctions (pl)
induction
1. A ceremony or formal act by which a person is inducted, as into office or military service; such as, the registration and induction of military draftees.
2. With electricity, the generation of electromotive force in a closed circuit by a varying magnetic flux through the circuit.
3. In logic, the process of deriving general principles from particular facts or instances; a conclusion reached by this process.
4. The act or process of inducing or making something happen; such as, in medicine, the inducing of birth labor, whereby labor is initiated artificially with drugs such as oxytocin.
5. Presentation of material; such as, facts or evidence in support of an argument or proposition.
6. In electricity, the generation of voltages, currents, electric fields, or magnetic fields by interactions among these quantities without direct contact.
inerudition
Lacking in erudition; unlearned condition.
infection
inflationism (s) (noun) (usually used in the singular)
The advocacy, or policy, of deliberately causing economic increases in the supply of available currency and credit: "Inflationism is policy or belief that encourages an increase in the level of consumer prices or a decline in the purchasing power of money which is caused by more available money and credit beyond the amount of available goods and services."
infliction (s) (noun), inflictions (pl)
infraction (s) (noun), infractions (pl)
1. The act of breaking or violating a law, a pledge, a contract, or an agreement: Monroe was penalized for an infraction of parking on the street beyond the time limit.
2. Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin infraction, infractio; from Latin, "subduing", from infringere "to break".
AN infringement of the rules.
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ingestion
inhibition (s) (noun), inhibitions (pl)
1. A feeling of being embarrassed or a belief that prevents a person from behaving spontaneously or speaking freely: Marie is a very outgoing person and so she doesn’t have any inhibitions of talking to people she meets for the first time.
2. A mental state in which a person's activity or behavior is stifled or obstructed: Shy people are often said to suffer from inhibitions.
3. The slowing down or prevention of a chemical reaction: Certain substance inhibitions are widely used to retard various undesirable processes; for example, the corrosion of metals.
4. The suppression or blocking of a bodily process or the action of an body organ: The doctor caused the inhibition of Jim's heart beat with an electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve.
5. Etymology: from Latin inhibitus; from inhibere, "to hold in, to hold back, to restrain"; from in-, "in, on" harbere, "to have, to hold".
A condition in which a person feels restrained or prevented from doing something.
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Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
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injection
injunction
1. A judicial remedy issued in order to prohibit a party from doing or continuing to do a certain activity.
2. Someone who is involved in a legal action to do something or refrain from doing something.
3. A command or order; especially, from someone who is in a position of authority.
4. Etymology: from Late Latin injunctionem, injunctio, "a command"; from Latin injunctus, the past participle form of injungere, "to impose, to attach to"; from in-, "on" + jungere "to join, to unite".
inquisition (s) (noun), inquisitions (pl)
1. A succession of detailed and relentless questions: Louis, the ring leader of the playground gang, said he felt like he had been through an inquisition after he had been to the principal's office.
2. An investigation that is harsh or even unfair: When capitalized, "The Inquisition" was an organization in the Roman Catholic Church founded in the 13th century to find, question, and sentence those who did not hold orthodox religious beliefs.

The Spanish Inquisition lasted until the 19th century and was known for its harsh punishments and use of torture.

inscription
1. Words or letters written, printed, or engraved on a service.
2. A signed message written in a book or on a photograph, often when it is being presented as a gift.