(Latin: rendere from reddere, "to give back, to restore; to give up; to translate")

extraordinary rendition (s) (noun), extraordinary renditions (pl)
A U.S. government term for an extra judicial procedure that sends suspects or generally suspected terrorists, to countries other than the United States for imprisonment and interrogation: The victim challenged his extraordinary rendition in the international courts, alleging extreme physical pain and confinement.

Beginning about 1995, the Central Intelligence Agency inaugurated a form of extradition sometimes referred to as extraordinary rendition, in which captured foreign terrorism suspects have been transported by the U.S. to other countries for interrogation; often involving cruel treatment.

Another blow to America's self-proclaimed standing as a pillar of moral values was the revelation that the C.I.A. has been operating a super-secret network of prisons overseas, presumably for terror suspects. If someone who is innocent gets caught in that particular hell, too bad. The inmates have been deprived of all rights.

—Bob Herbert, "Dangerous Territory"; The New York Times;
December 19, 2005.
misrender, (verb) misrenders; misrendered; misrendering
To translate or to recite incorrectly or improperly: "Ms. Smith accidentally misrendered the meaning of a key word in her translations for the medical dictionary and so she had to render a supplemental correction."
pre-rendered, prerendered (adjective)
A description of anything that is not explained in real-time: "Pre-rendered graphics, in computer graphics, is video footage that is not being presented in real-time by the hardware that is producing or playing back the video."
render (verb), renders; rendered; rendering (verb forms)
1. Cause to become or to make: "The shot from mall shooter rendered the man helpless."

"The news rendered Tracie speechless."

2. To submit or present, as for consideration, approval, or payment: "The food service staff was asked by the customer to render a bill for payment."
3. To give or make available; to provide: "Marie tried to render assistance to her sick friend."
4. To give what is due or owed: "Shirley wanted to render thanks for Mike's help."
5. To give in return or retribution: "Harry made an effort to render an apology for his rudeness."
6. To surrender or relinquish; to yield: "In a romantic fashion, Pete was rendering his heart to the love of his life."
7. To represent in verbal form; to depict: “Henry was able to render a written explanation for being late to the meeting."
8. In computer science, to convert (graphics) from a file into visual form; as on a video display: "Martin's friend bought a new computer program that would render his graphics into a DVD format."
9. In music; to perform an interpretation of (a musical piece, for example) or to arrange; to portray something or somebody in art, literature, music, or acting: "Bruce rendered his composition for the string quartet."
10. To express in another language or form; to translate: "Marissa had to pay a professional translator to render the text of her new book from its original English to Italian for distribution in Italy."
11. To deliver or to announce formally: "The jury has rendered its verdict."
12. To reduce, to convert, or to melt down (fat) by heating it: "The directions for the recipe stated Adele should render the fat from the duck before roasting it."
13. To coat (a brick, for example) with plaster or cement: "To render the ceiling with a fine coat of plaster is an art that requires years of practice."
renderable (adjective)
Capable of running and looking as intended: "The computer program was finally renderable."
renderer (s) (noun), renderers (pl)
Someone who causes something to exist: "A software renderer made it possible for the computer hardware to process and to generate a visual image of the model that was proposed."
render-set, renderset (verb), render-sets; render-set; render-setting
To cover with two coats of plaster: "The painter render-set the walls so they will now look smooth and more attractive."
rendition (s) (noun), renditions (pl)
1. The act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance: "The musicians presented a rendition of music that the audience considered extraordinary."
2. A translation of a literary work into another language: "Henry was asked if he had read the Italian rendition of the original Shakespeare verse."
3. An explanation of something that is not immediately obvious: "Imitations are often utilized to provide a more accurate rendition of a child's intended meaning."

A rendition of information about rendition

The core meaning of "rendition" is "the act or result of rendering", taking us back to the verb "to render", which derives from the Latin rendere, meaning "to give back".

Render is a verb with many senses, but the relevant ones for us now are "to produce, hand over, surrender, or submit". The noun "rendition", which first appeared in English in the early 17th century, originally meant "the surrender of a garrison, place, or thing", a bit later including the surrender or forcible return of a person; such as, escaped slaves were often "rendered" (returned to their owners) by northern U.S. states before the Civil War.

Subsequent senses of "rendition" developed by the 19th century focused more on the "give" sense of "render", and "rendition" in the popular speech of the 20th century usually meant a musician's or a singer's "treatment" of a song.

—Compiled with some revisions of excerpts by Evan Morris,
The Word Detective, April 15, 2006.
surrender (verb), surrenders; surrendered; surrendering
1. To relinquish possession or control of to another because of demand or compulsion: "Irvin hates to surrender his favourite book to the library, but he doesn’t want to pay the overdue fine."
2. To give up in favor of another: "In an act of heroism, the knight surrendered the love of the fair maiden to the tournament champion."
3. To give up or give back something that has been granted: "As part of the court settlement, the farmer agreed to surrender part of his contractual right to the deciduous trees on his land."
4. To give up or abandon: "To surrender all hope."
5. To give over or resign (oneself) to something, as to an emotion: "He surrendered himself to grief."
6. In law, to restore (an estate, for example); especially, to give up a lease before the expiration of the term: "The renter agreed to surrender her two year lease of the apartment so she would be able to purchase a new home somewhere else."
7. Etymology: from 1441, "to give (something) up", from Old French surrendre, "to give up, to deliver over"; from sur-, "over" + rendre, "to give back".

The reflexive sense of "to give oneself up"; especially, as a prisoner; appeared in 1585.

surrenderee (s) (noun), surrenderees (pl)
Someone who receives the relinquishment of property, power, etc. from another person: "The sergeant served as the surenderee when the renegade captain agreed to surrender his arms."
surrenderer (s) (noun) (usually only singular)
A person who yields or gives up and stops fighting or resisting: "The surrenderer ordered all her followers to lay down their arms and pledge allegiance to the king."
surrenderor (s) (noun), surrenderors (pl)
Someone who gives up an estate or lease: "Roy was a surrenderor of property into the hands of a higher authority."
unsurrendered (adjective) (not comparative)
Not given up to or delivered: "When the time came for delivery, the unsurrendered prize was not sent to the winner."