ad-

(Latin: prefix; to, toward, a direction toward, addition to, near, at; and changes to: ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, at- when ad- is combined with certain words that begin with the letters c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t)

The Latin element ad carries the idea of "in the direction of" and combines with many Latin words and roots to make common English words.

The form ad- appears in this form before a vowel and before the consonants d, h, j, m, and v. It is simplified to a- before sc, sp and st.

Before c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t; ad- is changed to ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, and at-.

In other words, the d of ad usually changes into the same letter as the first letter of the following root or word when it is a consonant: ad-fix becomes affix, and ad-sign becomes assign; therefore, making a double consonant.

Another example includes: attract as with ad-tract (drawn towards); so it has a double t. On the other hand when ad- precedes a vowel, as with adapt, it is simply ad-apt, with one d. For the same reason, there is only one d in adore and adumbrate, because ad- has combined with orare and umbra each of which starts with a vowel.

So, remember: since these Latin words begin with vowels and not consonants, the d of ad does not double as shown in the previous examples.

admaxillary
Near or connected to the maxilla or jawbone.
administer (verb), administers; administered; administering
1. To manage the affairs of a business, organization, or institution.
2. To preside over the dispensation of something: The judge made every effort to administer justice in the fairest possible manner.
3. To give someone a measured amount of a medication, often by physically introducing it into the body.
4. To carry out a set ritual or religious ceremony on behalf of a person or a group of people.
5. To oversee the taking of an oath by someone.
6. To manage the distribution of, or dispose of, a deceased person's property in accordance with the law; an executor or administrator of a trust estate by a trustee.
7. Etymology: "to manage as a steward" from Old French aministrer, from Latin administrare, "to serve, to carry out, to manage"; from ad-, "to" + ministrare, "to serve".

The minister part of administer came from about 1300 meaning, "someone who acts by the authority of another person" from Old French ministre "servant" which came from Latin minister, ministri, "servant, priest's assistant" (in Middle Latin, "priest"), from minus, minor, "less".

The meaning of "priest" was established in English from the early 14th century. The political sense of "a high officer of the state" is determined from the 1620's from the concept of "service to the crown". The verb is from about 1300, originally meaning "to serve (food or drinks)".

admire (verb), admires; admired; admiring
1. To regard with wonder, mingled with approval: Janice, who is just five years old, is admired for her ability to play the piano at such a young age.
2. To have a high opinion of; to value or to honor: Wayne's neighbors are still admiring the way he was able to get all of his family members safely out of his house after it caught on fire.
3. Respecting and approving of a person or his or her behavior: Jan has always admired Professor Grimes for her intellectual skills and her professionalism as a psychologist.
4. Finding someone or something attractive and pleasant to look at: Zeb's original paintings were admired by all of the viewers who went to the art exhibition.
admissible (adjective), more admissible, most admissible
A reference to that which can be accepted or is allowable: The judge declared the testimony against the criminal to be admissible proof of guilt.
admission (ad MISH uhn) (s) (noun), admissions (pl)
1. An act of allowing someone or groups to enter a country which involves acceptance that carries certain rights and responsibilities: The admission of aliens into some countries has become a big issue for many governments.
2. The right, permission, or the price required or paid to enter or to access some activity: Because he was 21 Jessy was allowed admission to go see the movie that was reserved for adults only.

Mary said the admission to the opera costs more than she can afford to pay; so, she was not allowed admission to attend the musical.

3. A confession, as of having committed a crime: James was completely silent and nodded his head when asked if he stole the money which was naturally interpreted as an admission of his guilt.

When the suspect’s admission of the truth about his involvement in what really took place at the bank robbery, the police were able to determine what really happened there.

4. A voluntary acknowledgment of truth: Mark's spontaneous and unrequested admission to exceeding the speed limit resulted in a warning instead of a ticket.
admit (verb), admits; admitted; admitting
1. To allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of: Admit someone to be a member a profession.
2. To allow someone to enter; to grant entry to: James was told that he cannot be admitted into the club because non-members are not permitted to be there.
3. To serve as a means of entrance: This ticket will admit one adult to see the show.
4. To give access or entrance to: "The French doors admit into the yard."
5. To afford a possibility: This problem admits of no solution.
6. To declare to be true or to admit the existence or reality or the truth of: Henry admitted he made some serious errors in his report.
7. To allow into a group or community: Karl was told that the organization have to vote on whether or not to admit a new member into their organization.
8. To have room for; to hold without crowding: The theater admits just 500 people.
admittance (ad MIT'ns) (s) (noun), admittances (pl)
1. The right to enter; permission to enter: Admittance to the conference was by invitation only.
2. Permission to enter or the right of entry: Melvin and Dawn felt that they should also have the privilege of being allowed admittance to the business meeting.

It is often maintained that admittance should be used only to refer to achieving physical access to a place: Shirley was denied admittance to the restaurant because all of the eating tables, etc. were taken and so there was no room for her.

Joe's admittance to the club was denied because he was not a member.

It was easy for Karen to secure admittance to the public library; however, she soon found several doors marked: Admittance for staff members only.

admonish (verb), admonishes; admonished; admonishing
1. To warn strongly; to put on guard: The crossing guard at the busy intersection admonished the pedestrians to look both ways before attempting to cross the street.
2. To counsel in terms of someone's behavior: The assistant principal of the school admonished the students about their noisy behavior in the library.
3. To advise a person to do or, more often, not to do something: The judge was admonishing both lawyers not to waste anymore court time with petty arguments.

The doctor always admonishes her patients to cut down on excessive meat consumption.

To advise against doing something wrong.
© ALL rights are reserved.

To gently, but seriously, warn of a fault.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

admonition (s) (noun), admonitions (pl)
1. Mild, kind, yet earnest reproof, rebuke, or criticism: The writer of the drama presented an admonition to the producer regarding the lighting that was being considered for the upcoming production.
2. Cautionary advice or warning: At the bottom of the page of instructions, there was the admonition to always unplug the machine before installing a new piece of equipment.
3. A piece of advice that is also a warning to someone about his or her behavior: Mike's mother issued an admonition that he should wash his hands before coming to eat.
A mild warning; a gentle counseling against a fault or an oversight.
© ALL rights are reserved.

Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.

adnascent (ad NAY suhnt) (adjective) (no comparatives)
1. A reference to something that is growing next to or is adhering to something else: There are adnascent parts in plants and even adnascent segments in animals that are connected to each other.
2. Etymology: from Latin adnascens, past participle of anaasi, "to be born, to grow".
adnate (AD nayt) (adjective), more adnate, most adnate
1. A reference to something that is congenitally united or grown together: The adnate parts of flowers include stamens or the pollen-producing organs of flowers that are attached to petals or the modified leaves that surround the reproducing parts of flowers.
2. The union or cohesion of parts not normally joined together: When there is an adnate organ, it is considered to be of a different kind and not a usual one.
3. Etymology: from Latin agnatus, from agnasci, "to become"; from ad, " to" + nasci, "to be born".
adnerval
1. Directed toward a nerve; said especially of an electric current passing through muscle tissue toward a nerve's entrance point.
2. Located near a nerve.
adnexa, adnexal
A subordinate or accessory anatomic pstrts attached to another or others; such as, the Fallopian tubes in relation to the ovaries.
adolescence
Growth from childhood to adulthood: "The period of adolescence is an important introduction to adulthood."
The stage between puberty and adultery.
—Anonymous
adolescents
1. People growing up from childhood to adulthood, especially those from about 12 to about 20 years of age; youthful, teenagers, teens, minors, youths: "Over 70 percent of today’s adolescents are expected to finish highschool."
2. For teenagers, immature, sophomoric, puerile, juveniles: "The presentations of many movies about life is primarily geared to adolescents."

The words adolescent and adult come from different forms of the Latin verb adolescere, "to grow up"; and in Latin they mean “growing up” and “grown-up”, respectively.