bili-, bil- +

(Latin: bile; which is a digestive juice secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and aids in the digestion of fats)

atrabiliary (adjective)
1. Pertaining to black bile, a fluid formerly supposed to be produced by the kidneys.
2. Melancholic or hypohondriac; from the supposed predominance of black bile, to the influence of which ancient medics thought caused hypochondria, melancholy, and mania.
atrabilious (adjective), more atrabilious, most atrabilious
1. Relating to bad feelings, a gloomy disposition, or a negative mood; being irritable as if suffering from indigestion which results in having an irritable and unpleasant attitude about life: Is it possible that there are so many more atrabilious people in the world because they listen to too much news on TV, the radio, and in newspapers?
2. Characterized by being easily angered or irritated; peevish; bad-tempered: Peter's father lost his job because of the bad economy and, as a result, he has an atrabilious attitude about life in general.
A tendency to be gloomy and having a peevish disposition.
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biliary
1. Relating to bile or the transporting of bile.
2. Affecting a bile duct or the system of ducts in the liver.
3. A reference to the gallbladder, bile ducts, or bile.

The biliary system itself consists of the gallbladder and bile ducts and, of course, the bile; for example, biliary atresia is the absence or closure of the major bile ducts, the ducts that drain bile from the liver.

biliary flux
Diarrhea with excessive amounts of bile; biliary diarrhea.
biliation
The production and excretion of bile.
biliferous
Containing or carrying bile.
bilifuscin
A bile pigment (coloring) found in bile and gallstones.
bilin
A name applied to the amorphous, or crystalline, mass obtained from bile by the action of alcohol and ether.

It is composed of a mixture of the sodium salts of the bile acids.

bilious (adjective), more bilious, most bilious
1. Relating to bile, a dark green to yellowish brown fluid produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine: A bilious condition refers to suffering from liver dysfunction; especially, an excessive secretion of gall.

The term bilious also indicates a peevish or an ill-natured disposition.

The word bilious goes back to the old belief that there were four bodily humors, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood, and these four humors determined a person's temperament.

Bilious was the personality type associated with an excess of yellow bile.
2. Etymology: bilious derives from the French bilieux, which in turn came from bilis, the Latin term for "bile".

A reference to being ill-tempered, cranky, and irritable.
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bilirubin
1. An orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice.
2. A pigment produced when the liver processes waste products.

A high bilirubin level causes yellowing of the skin.

bilitherapy
Treatment with bile or bile salts.
biliverdin
1. A greenish bile pigment that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of hemoglobin in the liver and in turn breaks down to produce bilirubin (pigment produced when the liver processes waste products).
2. A green pigment found in bile which is formed during haem catabolism (when organisms convert substances into excreted compounds), mainly the breaking down of old red blood cells, within the liver.

It transforms into the red-orange bile pigment bilirubin. A high bilirubin level causes yellowing of the skin.

cholecystalgia; biliary colic
A type of smooth muscle or visceral pain (the internal organs of the body, especially those of the abdomen such as the intestines) specifically associated with the passing of stones through the the internal organs of the body, especially those of the abdomen such as the intestines.
fossa vesicae biliaris, fossa for gallbladder
A depression on the visceral surface of the liver anteriorly, between the quadrate and the right lobes, lodging the gallbladder.
hyperbilirubinemia
An abnormally high level of bilirubin in the blood, manifested by jaundice, anorexia, and malaise, occurring in association with liver disease and certain hemolytic anemias.

A sufficient elevation will produce jaundice. Some degree of hyperbilirubinemia is very common in babies right after birth, especially premies.