poly-

(Greek: many, much; excessive; abnormal amount, profuse, ample, large quantity; multiple, abundant, numerous)

Don’t confuse this poly- with another -poly which means “to sell”.

polysemy (puh LIS uh mee, PAHL ee see" mee )
1. Having or characterized by having many meanings.
2. The existence of several meanings for a single word or phrase.

Pointing to a page about a multitude of words Learn more about polysemy and polysemous and how they apply to multiple words.

polysensitivity (s) (noun), polysensitivities (pl)
The capacity of an organ, or an organism, to respond to multiple stimulations: Sitting quietly by the lake, Sara was aware of her polysensitivity because as she was enjoying the vision of the sunset, the sound of the loons echoing over the lake; she was also feeling the zing of a mosquito bite on her arm.
polysensory (adjective), more polysensory, most polysensory
1. Being responsive to multiple agents or stimuli: The home alarm system that was installed in Jeremy's house was a polysensory system which responded to light and to movements.
2. Affecting or pertaining to several physical mechanisms of feelings: When examining a patient's nervous system, a physician usually includes polysensory tests of touch, position, pain, and vibration reactions:
  • Light touch with a piece of cotton when the patient's eyes are closed.
  • Pin punctures to test pain sensations at different parts of the patient's body
  • Pain pinch by squeezing, with a finger and a thumb, the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel.
  • Vibration with a tuning fork held against a prominent bone of the ankle or another bone.
  • Position sense when the patient, with eyes closed, tells in which direction his or her finger is moved by the physician.
  • Two-point discrimination which measures the ability of the patient to distinguish between two sharp pains and a single sharp pain.
polysomnogram (s) (noun), polysomnograms (pl)
1. The written results monitored by equipment that tests the physiological activity of a person while sleeping: "Dr. Black looked at the polysomnogram which showed the results of Sally's body functions while she was sleeping and told her to stay home and to take her medicine and rest."
2. Etymology: from Greek poly-, "much, many" + Latin somnus, "sleep" + Greek gram, "written, recorded".
polysomnograph (s) (noun), polysomnographs (pl)
The recorded results of recordings during sleep of multiple physiological variables: Polysomnography is a comprehensive recording of the physiological changes that take place with a person during his or her sleep.
polysomnographic technologist (s) (noun), polysomnographic technologists (pl)
A sleep specialist who monitors sleep studies and records the relevant physiologic variables: After a test is completed, a polysomnographic technologist analyzes the recorded data by checking for breathing irregularities, sudden changes in brain-wave activity, cardiac rhythm abnormalities, leg movements, body positions, and oxygen saturation during the patient's sleep.
polysomnography (s) (noun), polysomnographies (pl)
Continuous measurement and recording of relevant normal and abnormal physiological activities during sleep: A recording of polysomnography has several physiological variables, both directly and indirectly related to the state and stages of sleep, to determine all possible biological causes of sleep disorders.

Usually, respiration, oxygen saturation, body position, and other factors are also measured during the polysomnography; including, the brain, eye movements, muscle or skeletal muscle motions, and heart rhythms.

polyspermic
Relating to the penetration of multiple sperms (spermatozoa) into a single ovum at the time of fertilization.
polyspermy
The fertilization of an ovum by multiple spermatozoa.
polysporangium
A sporangium (structure in which spores are produced) containing numerous spores.
polystele
polystelic
A reference to a stem or root: having more than one internal vascular cylinder or stele.
polystely
polystenohaline
Organisms that only inhabit oceanic waters of relatively constant high salinity.
polystichia
Having more than one row of eyelashes on a single eyelid.

Related topics utilizing this poly- prefix: Polysemy and Polysemous and Polygamy Sections.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; hyper-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; super-; total-; ultra-; undu-.