-crat, -cracy, -cratic, -cratism, -cratically, -cracies +

(Greek: a suffix; to govern, to rule; government, strength, power, might, authority)

Good laws derive from evil habits.

—Macrobius

Two characteristics of government are that it cannot do anything quickly, and that it never knows when to quit.

—Jeremy Thorpe
adhocracy (s), adhocracies (pl) (noun)
An organization with little or no structure; the opposite of a bureaucracy (unnecessary procedures): "The adhocracy is a system that is designed to be flexible and to be quickly responsive to the needs of the moment rather than being excessively bureaucratic or involving a lot of complicated rules, details, and processes."

"There are those who say that adhocracies consist of managements that respond to urgent problems instead of delaying them or trying to avoid them."

albocracy (s) (noun), albocracies (pl)
Government by white men or Europeans.
aleatocracy (s) (noun), aleatocracies (pl)
A form of government in which the officials are decided by chance: The new aleatocracy of the country resulted literally by drawing names from a hat for the president and vice president.
androcracy (s) (noun), androcracies (pl)
The political rule by men or males; male supremacy.
androcratic (adjective), more androcratic, most androcratic
anemocracy (s) (noun), anemocracies (pl)
A government controlled by the wind or by whim: "The miserable state of an anemocracy is when people who put their trust in hurricanes are merely governed by the wind."
angelocracy (s) (noun), angelocracies (pl)
A government run by angels.
antarchism (s) (noun), antarchisms (pl)
The principle of opposition to all forms of government and to any restraint of individuals by laws: "Believers in antarchism are against any organized government."
argentocracy (s) (noun), argentocracies (pl)
The rule or paramount influence of money.
aristocracy (s) (noun), aristocracies (pl)
1. Literally in Greek, the government of a state by its “best” citizens.
2. That form of government in which the chief power lies in the hands of those who are most distinguished by birth or fortune; political supremacy of a privileged order; oligarchy.
3. The class to which such a ruling body belongs, a patrician order; the collective body of those who form a privileged class with regard to the government of their country; the nobles.

The term is popularly extended to include all those who by birth or fortune occupy a position distinctly above the rest of the community, and is also used figuratively of those who are superior in other respects.

There are bad manners everywhere, but an aristocracy is bad manners organized.

—Henry James
aristocrat (s) (noun), aristocrats (pl)
A member of an aristocracy; strictly, one of a ruling oligarchy; hence, one of a patrician order, a noble; occasionally, one who favors an aristocratic form of government as opposed to a democracy.
aristocraticism (s) (noun) (no plural form)
aristocratism (s) (noun), aristocratisms (pl)
The principles or practices of aristocrats; haughty exclusiveness.
arithmocracy (s) (noun), arithmocracies (pl)
A form of government in which governmental power results from the group that holds the numerical majority in a state: An arithmocracy can be a good form of government, or it can have negative results, depending on whether there is a balance between arithmocratic rule and individual liberty.

If an arithmocracy wanted to do away with criticism of the government with the hope of assuring national harmony, should the government get by with passing a law forbidding the media or private citizens from openly challenging all governmental decisions?

autocracy (s) (noun), autocracies (pl)
1. Absolute government.
2. A government in which one person has unrestricted control over others.
3. In medicine, the controlling influence exerted by nature or the vital principle on disease.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "master, lead, leading, ruler, ruling, govern": -agogic; agon-; arch-; dom-; gov-; magist-; poten-; regi-; tyran-.