oxy-, -oxia, -oxic

(Greek: sharp, acute, pointed, keen; sour, acid, acidic, pungent)

anoxia, anoxic
Absence or almost complete absence of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues; to be differentiated from hypoxia.
antioxidant
1. An agent that inhibits oxidation and thus prevents rancidity of oils or fats or the deterioration of other materials through oxidative processes.
2. One of many widely used synthetic or natural substances added to a product to prevent or delay its deterioration by the action of oxygen.

Rubber, paints, vegetable oils, and prepared foods commonly contain antioxidants. Assisting the cell’s enzyme protectors are the antioxidant vitamins E and C and beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A.

These vitamins absorb or attach to the free radicals, preventing them from attacking normal tissues. Current antioxidant therapy consists mainly of oral vitamins and food additives.

antioxidation, antioxygen
The prevention of oxidation.
cerebral anoxia
Lack of oxygen to the brain, often causing sensory distortions and hallucinations. Sometimes used to explain features of the near-death experience.

A near-death experience (NDE) consists of experiences of people after they have been pronounced clinically dead, or who have been very close to death.

Typical features of the near-death experiences are an OBE (Out of Body Experience), a fully conscious experience in which the person's center of awareness appears to be outside the physical body, a life review, a tunnel experience, a light, coming to a boundary (marking death), seeing dead friends, and relatives, experiencing a loving or divine presence, and making a choice (or being told) to return.

Occasionally near-death experiences can be frightening and distressing, and often have profound effects on the person's later life.

deoxidation
Depriving a chemical compound of its oxygen.
deoxidize
To remove oxygen from its chemical combination.
hyperoxemia
An excessive acidity of the blood.
hyperoxia
A condition characterized by abnormally high levels of oxygen in the blood and tissues.
hypoxia
1. A condition characterized by abnormally low levels of oxygen in the blood and tissues.
2. In ecology, a condition in which inadequate environmental oxygen is available to an organism.

The "Dead Zone" off the Louisiana coast mapped during the last week of July, 2006, is reported to be 6,662 square miles; or about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined, Dr. Nancy Rabalais, Chief Scientist for Northern Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Studies reported on Friday. The low oxygen waters extended from near the Mississippi River to the Louisiana-Texas border.

Agricultural runoff in the vast area drained by the Mississippi River contributes most of the nitrogen, phosphorus and other nutrients that feed a population boom of algae. As the algae die, they fall to the bottom. Their decay consumes oxygen faster than currents can bring it down from the surface.

—Published July 29, 2006, in Space and Earth;
" 'Dead Zone' off La. coast gets larger"
oxidation
1. The process of a substance combining with oxygen.
2. The loss of electrons in an atom with an accompanying increase in positive valence.
oxide
1. Any binary compound of oxygen, especially with a metal.
2. Any chemical compound in which oxygen is the negative radical.
oxidize
1. To convert a substance into an oxide; combine with oxygen.
2. To undergo or cause to undergo oxidation; lose or remove electrons.
oxidizer, oxidant
1. An agent that oxidizes.
2. In space technology, specifically, a substance, usually containing oxygen, that support the combustion reaction of a rocket fuel. Together, the fuel and oxidizer constitute a propellant.
oximeter
1. An instrument that is used to measure oxygen in a controlled space, such as an oxygen tank or incubator.
2. A photoelectric instrument used for measuring the degree of oxygen saturation in a fluid; such as, blood.
3. An instrument for determining, photoelectrically, the degree of oxygen saturation, or concentration, of a sample of blood.
oximetry
In medicine, the calculation of the oxygen saturation level of hemoglobin in a blood sample by using an oximeter.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; aceto-; acid-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); pung- (not "sour").