acro-, acr-

(Greek: high, highest, highest point; top, tip end, outermost; extreme; extremity of the body)

acromegalic
acromegalogigantism
Gigantism and acromegaly due to hypersecretion of the pituitary growth hormone beginning before puberty and continuing into maturity.
acromegaloidism
A bodily condition resembling acromegaly but not due to pituitary disorder.
acromegaly (s) (noun), acromegalies (pl)
A chronic disease of adults caused by over secretion of the pituitary gland hormones and which is characterized by enlargement of many parts of the bones of the extremities; such as, the face, the nose, the ears, the jaws, the fingers, and the toes: "The beginning of acromegaly is gradual and so neither the patient nor his or her associates don't notice it.

"Early developments of acromegaly include muscular pains, headaches, and abnormal sweating; then, the teeth become separated, and the hands and feet gradually become bigger."

"As acromegaly progresses, muscular weakness becomes a serious problem, and visual problems may progress into blindness."

acromelalgia; erythromelalgia
1. A throbbing and burning pain in the skin often caused by exertion or heat, affecting the hands and feet, accompanied by a dusky mottled redness of the parts with increased skin temperature.
2. A rare disorder of middle age, characterized by attacks of severe burning pain, reddening, hyperalgesia and sweating, involving one or more extremities, usually both feet; the attacks can be triggered by warmth, and are usually relieved by cold and limb elevation.
3. A condition affecting the extremities, especially the feet, marked by burning and throbbing sensations that come and go.
acromelic
Pertaining to or affecting the end of a limb, or limbs (arms or legs).
acrometagenesis
Undue, or abnormal, growth of the extremities (hands or feet) resulting in deformity.
acromicria
A condition in which the extremities of the skeleton are small and delicate (hypoplasia) including the nose, jaws, fingers, and toes.
acromioclavicular
A reference to the acromion and clavicle.
acromiohumeral
A reference to the acromion and humerus.
acromion, acromial
The lateral extension of the spine of the scapula, projecting over the shoulder joint and forming the highest point of the shoulder.
acromionectomy
1. The partial or total surgical excision of the acromion.
2. Resection of the distal end of the acromion, done in the treatment of acromioclavicular arthritis.

The acromion is the lateral extension of the spine of the scapula, projecting over the shoulder joint and forming the highest point of the shoulder; also called the acromial process and acromion scapulae.

acromioplasty
The surgical removal of the distal inferior acromion process of the scapula to relieve impingement of soft tissues in the subacromial space.
acromphalus
Prominence of the navel, as may be seen in umbilical hernia.
acromycosis
A fungal infection of the limbs.

Quiz If you would like to take a self-scoring quiz over many of the words in this unit, then click Acro- Quiz.