acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity

(Latin: sour [sharp])

acidosis
1. A condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal.
2. An abnormal increase in the acidity of bodily fluids due to either acid accumulation or bicarbonate depletion.

Strictly speaking, the term acidemia would be more appropriate to describe the state of low blood pH, reserving acidosis to describe the processes leading to these states; however, most physicians use the terms interchangeably.

Too much acid in the body is a distinctly abnormal condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or from the depletion of alkaline reserves.

In acidosis, the pH of the blood is abnormally low and is associated with diabetic ketoacidosis, lung disease, and severe kidney disease.

The opposite of acidosis is alkalosis in which there is too high a pH factor due to an excess base or insufficient acid in the body.

acidotic
A reference to or characterized by acidosis.
acidotrophy, acidotrophic
Feeding on acidic food or acidic substances.
acidulate
1. To render more acid or sour.
2. To make somewhat acid or sour; to flavor with an acid.
acidulated
Rendered acid in reaction.
acidulation
The action or process of acidulating; the state of being acidulated.
acidulcis
Sour and sweet blended.
acidulent (adjective)
1. Having an acid quality; sour; acidulous.
2. To sour slightly.
acidulous (adjective), more acidulous, most acidulous
1. Slightly sour, sourish, sub-acid; somewhat acidic: The salad chef created a tangy, acidulous dressing for the salad.
2. Cutting and sharp in speech or tone; harsh: Based on Cory's acidulous remarks, there were those who suspected that she was angry with the person she was referring to.
3. Etymology: from Latin acidus, "sour".
Sour in feeling or manner; biting, caustic.
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aciduria
A condition marked by excessive amounts of acid in the urine; excretion of an abnormal amount of acid urine.
aciduric
Pertaining to bacteria that tolerate an acid environment which is usually fatal to non-sporulating bacteria.
alginic acid
An acid that is extracted from marine algae and used as a binder in pharmaceutical tablets and as a thickening and emulsifying agent in a number of food products.
anacid (adjective), more anacid, most anacid
Without a normal sour corrosive solution containing hydrogen ions: Dr. Swift told Bert that his antacid condition was a result of the absence of normal hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice of his stomach mucosa.
anacidity
1. Lack of normal acidity.
2. Absence of acidity; used especially to denote the abnormal absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice of the stomach.
antacid, antiacid
1. Having the power of counteracting acidity; especially, in the stomach.
2. A remedy for, or preventive of, acidity.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-; pung- (not "sour").